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Na-Ion Batteries

Mirzaeian, Mojtaba; Abbas, Qaisar; Hunt, Michael R.C.; Galeyeva, Alina; Raza, Rizwan


Mojtaba Mirzaeian

Qaisar Abbas

Michael R.C. Hunt

Alina Galeyeva

Rizwan Raza


Attributable to increase demand of electrical energy storage (EES), various rechargeable battery systems have been installed successfully, with lithium ion batteries (LIBs) leading the way. However, LIBs are facing resources limitations due to inadequate availability and uneven geological distribution of lithium which makes it difficult especially for applications associated with grid-scale battery systems. Sodium ion batteries are considered an attractive alternative due to similar performance characteristics and extensive availability of sodium at considerably reduced cost. Furthermore, development in battery technology for SIBs has been remarkably fast due to similarity with LIBs. However, SIBs suffer from inferior cycleability, poor power capability and lower energy density, which are the benchmark requirements for widespread commercialization necessitating further research drive. Over the past two decades, tremendous efforts have been made to enhance their performance by introducing new materials (electrode/electrolyte) and by optimizing their composition. In this brief article working principle of SIBs, their comparison with LIBs, recent developments in electrode/electrolyte materials and future outlook will be discussed.


Mirzaeian, M., Abbas, Q., Hunt, M. R., Galeyeva, A., & Raza, R. (2021). Na-Ion Batteries. In Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. Elsevier.

Online Publication Date Dec 14, 2020
Publication Date 2021
Deposit Date Jan 27, 2021
Publisher Elsevier
Book Title Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering
Public URL

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