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Outputs (163)

Are restricted and repetitive behaviours in two‐ and six‐year‐olds associated with emotional and behavioural difficulties? (2023)
Journal Article

Background: Restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviour (RRBs) serve an adaptive role in development. Elevated levels of RRBs beyond the early years, however, are associated with poorer outcome in language, cognition, and wellbeing, and are seen... Read More about Are restricted and repetitive behaviours in two‐ and six‐year‐olds associated with emotional and behavioural difficulties?.

Resampling (Narrative) Stream of Consciousness: Mind Wandering, Inner Speech, and Reading as Reversed Introspection (2022)
Journal Article

This article promotes the idea that current cognitive models of mind wandering and inner speech can help us better understanding the phenomenological constituents of what Joyce calls “the mystery of the conscious” as simulated by modernist literary i... Read More about Resampling (Narrative) Stream of Consciousness: Mind Wandering, Inner Speech, and Reading as Reversed Introspection.

‘When my mummy and daddy aren't looking at me when I do my maths she helps me’; Children can be taught to create imaginary companions: An exploratory study (2022)
Journal Article

Spontaneous imaginary companion (SIC) creation in childhood is a typical imaginative play behaviour associated with advanced sociocognitive skills; however, the direction of causality has not been established. To investigate this experimentally, rese... Read More about ‘When my mummy and daddy aren't looking at me when I do my maths she helps me’; Children can be taught to create imaginary companions: An exploratory study.

Prevalence and nature of multi-sensory and multi-modal hallucinations in people with first episode psychosis (2022)
Journal Article

Hallucinations can occur in single or multiple sensory modalities. This study explored how common these experiences were in people with first episode of psychosis (n = 82). Particular attention was paid to the number of modalities reported and whethe... Read More about Prevalence and nature of multi-sensory and multi-modal hallucinations in people with first episode psychosis.

Managing Unusual Sensory Experiences in People with First-Episode Psychosis (MUSE FEP): a study protocol for a single-blind parallel-group randomised controlled feasibility trial (2022)
Journal Article

Introduction Hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that others do not) are a common feature of psychosis, causing significant distress and disability. Existing treatments such as cognitive–behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) have modest benef... Read More about Managing Unusual Sensory Experiences in People with First-Episode Psychosis (MUSE FEP): a study protocol for a single-blind parallel-group randomised controlled feasibility trial.

Varieties of felt presence? Three surveys of presence phenomena and their relations to psychopathology (2022)
Journal Article

Background Experiences of felt presence (FP) are well documented in neurology, neuropsychology and bereavement research, but systematic research in relation to psychopathology is limited. FP is a feature of sensorimotor disruption in psychosis, hypna... Read More about Varieties of felt presence? Three surveys of presence phenomena and their relations to psychopathology.

Susceptibility to auditory hallucinations is associated with spontaneous but not directed modulation of top-down expectations for speech (2022)
Journal Article

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs)—or hearing voices—occur in clinical and non-clinical populations, but their mechanisms remain unclear. Predictive processing models of psychosis have proposed that hallucinations arise from an over-weighting of p... Read More about Susceptibility to auditory hallucinations is associated with spontaneous but not directed modulation of top-down expectations for speech.

Continuities and Discontinuities in the Cognitive Mechanisms Associated With Clinical and Nonclinical Auditory Verbal Hallucinations (2022)
Journal Article

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are typically associated with schizophrenia but also occur in individuals without any need for care (nonclinical voice hearers [NCVHs]). Cognitive models of AVHs posit potential biases in source monitoring, top-d... Read More about Continuities and Discontinuities in the Cognitive Mechanisms Associated With Clinical and Nonclinical Auditory Verbal Hallucinations.

Item-specific overlap between hallucinatory experiences and cognition in the general population: A three-step multivariate analysis of international multi-site data (2021)
Journal Article

Hallucinatory experiences (HEs) can be pronounced in psychosis, but similar experiences also occur in nonclinical populations. Cognitive mechanisms hypothesized to underpin HEs include dysfunctional source monitoring, heightened signal detection, and... Read More about Item-specific overlap between hallucinatory experiences and cognition in the general population: A three-step multivariate analysis of international multi-site data.

Explaining the relation between early mind-mindedness and children’s mentalizing abilities: The development of an observational preschool assessment (2021)
Journal Article

The aim of this research was to develop a new observation-based measure for assessing caregivers’ mind-mindedness in the preschool years and investigate whether this measure could explain the link between mothers’ early appropriate mind-related comme... Read More about Explaining the relation between early mind-mindedness and children’s mentalizing abilities: The development of an observational preschool assessment.

Modulating medial prefrontal cortex activity using real-time fMRI neurofeedback: Effects on reality monitoring performance and associated functional connectivity (2021)
Journal Article

Neuroimaging studies have found ‘reality monitoring’, our ability to distinguish internally generated experiences from those derived from the external world, to be associated with activity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of the brain. Here we... Read More about Modulating medial prefrontal cortex activity using real-time fMRI neurofeedback: Effects on reality monitoring performance and associated functional connectivity.

Correlates of hallucinatory experiences in the general population: an international multi-site replication study (2021)
Journal Article

Hallucinatory experiences can occur in both clinical and nonclinical groups. However, in previous studies of the general population, investigations of the cognitive mechanisms underlying hallucinatory experiences have yielded inconsistent results. We... Read More about Correlates of hallucinatory experiences in the general population: an international multi-site replication study.

Mind‐mindedness versus mentalistic interpretations of behavior: Is mind‐mindedness a relational construct? (2020)
Journal Article

Mind‐mindedness is a measure of the tendency to represent significant others in internal state terms and is central to supportive parent–infant relationships. The two studies reported here explored whether mind‐mindedness generalizes to representatio... Read More about Mind‐mindedness versus mentalistic interpretations of behavior: Is mind‐mindedness a relational construct?.

Managing unusual sensory experiences: A feasibility trial in an At Risk Mental States for psychosis group (2020)
Journal Article

Objectives To conduct a feasibility study on a new, tablet-delivered treatment for unusual sensory experiences in service-users with an At Risk Mental States for psychosis. Design A mixed method design was employed, using content analysis to investig... Read More about Managing unusual sensory experiences: A feasibility trial in an At Risk Mental States for psychosis group.

Tailoring cognitive behavioural therapy to subtypes of voice-hearing using a novel tabletised manual: a feasibility study (2020)
Journal Article

Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is a recommended treatment for psychotic experiences, but its effectiveness has been questioned. One way of addressing this may be to tailor therapy materials to the phenomenology of spec... Read More about Tailoring cognitive behavioural therapy to subtypes of voice-hearing using a novel tabletised manual: a feasibility study.

Inner experience differs in rumination and distraction without a change in electromyographical correlates of inner speech (2020)
Journal Article

Ruminative thought is a style of thinking which involves repetitively focusing upon one’s own negative mood, its causes and its consequences. The negative effects of rumination are well-documented, but comparatively little is known about how ruminati... Read More about Inner experience differs in rumination and distraction without a change in electromyographical correlates of inner speech.

A Review of Multimodal Hallucinations: Categorization, Assessment, Theoretical Perspectives, and Clinical Recommendations (2020)
Journal Article

Hallucinations can occur in different sensory modalities, both simultaneously and serially in time. They have typically been studied in clinical populations as phenomena occurring in a single sensory modality. Hallucinatory experiences occurring in m... Read More about A Review of Multimodal Hallucinations: Categorization, Assessment, Theoretical Perspectives, and Clinical Recommendations.

Real-Time Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Neurofeedback for the Relief of Distressing Auditory-Verbal Hallucinations: Methodological and Empirical Advances (2020)
Journal Article

Auditory-verbal hallucinations (AVH) are often associated with high levels of distress and disability in individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. In around 30% of individuals with distressing AVH and diagnosed with schizophrenia, traditiona... Read More about Real-Time Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Neurofeedback for the Relief of Distressing Auditory-Verbal Hallucinations: Methodological and Empirical Advances.

Processing Speech and Thoughts during Silent Reading: Direct Reference Effects for Speech by Fictional Characters in Voice-Selective Auditory Cortex and a Theory-of-Mind Network (2020)
Journal Article

Stories transport readers into vivid imaginative worlds, but understanding how readers create such worlds—populating them with characters, objects, and events—presents serious challenges across disciplines. Auditory imagery is thought to play a promi... Read More about Processing Speech and Thoughts during Silent Reading: Direct Reference Effects for Speech by Fictional Characters in Voice-Selective Auditory Cortex and a Theory-of-Mind Network.

‘I’ve learned I need to treat my characters like people’: Varieties of agency and interaction in Writers’ experiences of their Characters’ Voices (2020)
Journal Article

Writers often report vivid experiences of hearing characters talking to them, talking back to them, and exhibiting independence and autonomy. However, systematic empirical studies of this phenomenon are almost non-existent, and as a result little is... Read More about ‘I’ve learned I need to treat my characters like people’: Varieties of agency and interaction in Writers’ experiences of their Characters’ Voices.

Reading characters in voices: Ratings of personality characteristics from voices predict proneness to auditory verbal hallucinations (2019)
Journal Article

People rapidly make first impressions of others, often based on very little information–minimal exposure to faces or voices is sufficient for humans to make up their mind about personality of others. While there has been considerable research on voic... Read More about Reading characters in voices: Ratings of personality characteristics from voices predict proneness to auditory verbal hallucinations.

Hallucinations in Children and Adolescents: An Updated Review and Practical Recommendations for Clinicians (2019)
Journal Article

Hallucinations in children and adolescents are now known to occur on a continuum from healthy to psychopathology-related phenomena. Although hallucinations in young populations are mostly transient, they can cause substantial distress. Despite halluc... Read More about Hallucinations in Children and Adolescents: An Updated Review and Practical Recommendations for Clinicians.

Investigating Multiple Streams of Consciousness: Using Descriptive Experience Sampling to Explore Internally and Externally Directed Streams of Thought (2018)
Journal Article

Research into resting-state cognition has often struggled with the challenge of assessing inner experience in the resting state. We employed Descriptive Experience Sampling (DES), a method aimed at generating detailed and high-fidelity descriptions o... Read More about Investigating Multiple Streams of Consciousness: Using Descriptive Experience Sampling to Explore Internally and Externally Directed Streams of Thought.

Adult report of childhood imaginary companions and adversity relates to concurrent prodromal psychosis symptoms (2018)
Journal Article

Hallucination and dissociation have been found to be associated with imaginary friend play in childhood (CIC). Past studies have not investigated how this play relates to adult prodromal symptoms or how childhood adversity mediates the relationship.... Read More about Adult report of childhood imaginary companions and adversity relates to concurrent prodromal psychosis symptoms.

The varieties of inner speech questionnaire – Revised (VISQ-R): Replicating and refining links between inner speech and psychopathology (2018)
Journal Article

Inner speech is a common experience for many but hard to measure empirically. The Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire (VISQ) has been used to link everyday phenomenology of inner speech – such as inner dialogue – to various psychopathological tra... Read More about The varieties of inner speech questionnaire – Revised (VISQ-R): Replicating and refining links between inner speech and psychopathology.

Mothers’ early mind-mindedness predicts educational attainment in socially and economically disadvantaged British children (2018)
Journal Article

Relations between mothers' mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments) at 8 months (N = 206), and children's educational attainment at ages 7 (n = 158) and 11 (n = 156) were investigated in a British sample. Appropriate mind-re... Read More about Mothers’ early mind-mindedness predicts educational attainment in socially and economically disadvantaged British children.

Development of restricted and repetitive behaviors from 15 to 77 months: Stability of two distinct subtypes? (2017)
Journal Article

A community sample of 192 parents reported on their children’s restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) at mean ages 15 months (N = 138), 26 months (N = 191), and 77 months (N = 125) using the Repetitive Behavior Questionnaire-2 (RBQ-2). Consistent... Read More about Development of restricted and repetitive behaviors from 15 to 77 months: Stability of two distinct subtypes?.

Proof of concept of a mind-mindedness intervention for mothers hospitalized for severe mental illness (2017)
Journal Article

Studies 1 and 2 investigated how maternal severe mental illness (SMI) related to mothers’ mind–mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments). Study 1 showed that mothers with SMI (n = 50) scored lower than psychologically well mothers... Read More about Proof of concept of a mind-mindedness intervention for mothers hospitalized for severe mental illness.

Can inner experience be apprehended in high fidelity? Examining brain activation and experience from multiple perspectives (2017)
Journal Article

We discuss the historical context for explorations of “pristine inner experience,” attempts to apprehend and describe the inner experiences that directly present themselves in natural environments. There is no generally accepted method for determinin... Read More about Can inner experience be apprehended in high fidelity? Examining brain activation and experience from multiple perspectives.

Testing continuum models of psychosis: No reduction in source monitoring ability in healthy individuals prone to auditory hallucinations (2016)
Journal Article

People with schizophrenia who hallucinate show impairments in reality monitoring (the ability to distinguish internally generated information from information obtained from external sources) compared to non-hallucinating patients and healthy individu... Read More about Testing continuum models of psychosis: No reduction in source monitoring ability in healthy individuals prone to auditory hallucinations.

Auditory Hallucinations and the Brain’s Resting-State Networks: Findings and Methodological Observations (2016)
Journal Article

In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the potential for alterations to the brain’s resting-state networks (RSNs) to explain various kinds of psychopathology. RSNs provide an intriguing new explanatory framework for hallucinations, wh... Read More about Auditory Hallucinations and the Brain’s Resting-State Networks: Findings and Methodological Observations.

Non-invasive Brain Stimulation and Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: New Techniques and Future Directions (2016)
Journal Article

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are the experience of hearing a voice in the absence of any speaker. Results from recent attempts to treat AVHs with neurostimulation (rTMS or tDCS) to the left temporoparietal junction have not been conclusive,... Read More about Non-invasive Brain Stimulation and Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: New Techniques and Future Directions.

What goes on in the resting state? A qualitative glimpse into resting-state experience in the scanner (2015)
Journal Article

The brain’s resting-state has attracted considerable interest in recent years, but currently little is known either about typical experience during the resting-state or about whether there are inter-individual differences in resting-state phenomenolo... Read More about What goes on in the resting state? A qualitative glimpse into resting-state experience in the scanner.

Imaginary companions in childhood: Relations to imagination skills and autobiographical memory in adults (2015)
Journal Article

The presence of a childhood imaginary companion (IC) has been proposed to reflect heightened imaginative abilities. This study hypothesized that adults who reported having a childhood IC would score higher on a task requiring the imaginative construc... Read More about Imaginary companions in childhood: Relations to imagination skills and autobiographical memory in adults.

Risk of depression and self-harm in teenagers identifying with goth subculture: a longitudinal cohort study (2015)
Journal Article

Background Previous research has suggested that deliberate self-harm is associated with contemporary goth subculture in young people; however, whether this association is confounded by characteristics of young people, their families, and their circum... Read More about Risk of depression and self-harm in teenagers identifying with goth subculture: a longitudinal cohort study.

Callous-Unemotional Traits and Impulsivity: Distinct Longitudinal Relations With Mind-Mindedness and Understanding of Others (2015)
Journal Article

Background: Problems in understanding other people’s mental states may relate to distinct personality traits that are associated with early externalizing behavior. A distinction between theory of mind (ToM) and empathy has proven important in sheddin... Read More about Callous-Unemotional Traits and Impulsivity: Distinct Longitudinal Relations With Mind-Mindedness and Understanding of Others.

Hearing voices in the resting brain: A review of intrinsic functional connectivity research on auditory verbal hallucinations (2015)
Journal Article

Resting state networks (RSNs) are thought to reflect the intrinsic functional connectivity of brain regions. Alterations to RSNs have been proposed to underpin various kinds of psychopathology, including the occurrence of auditory verbal hallucinatio... Read More about Hearing voices in the resting brain: A review of intrinsic functional connectivity research on auditory verbal hallucinations.

Relations among questionnaire and experience sampling measures of inner speech: a smartphone app study (2015)
Journal Article

Inner speech is often reported to be a common and central part of inner experience, but its true prevalence is unclear. Many questionnaire-based measures appear to lack convergent validity and it has been claimed that they overestimate inner speech i... Read More about Relations among questionnaire and experience sampling measures of inner speech: a smartphone app study.

Inner experience in the scanner: Can high fidelity apprehensions of inner experience be integrated with fMRI? (2014)
Journal Article

To provide full accounts of human experience and behavior, research in cognitive neuroscience must be linked to inner experience, but introspective reports of inner experience have often been found to be unreliable. The present case study aimed at pr... Read More about Inner experience in the scanner: Can high fidelity apprehensions of inner experience be integrated with fMRI?.

Associations between intrusive thoughts, reality discrimination and hallucination-proneness in healthy young adults (2014)
Journal Article

Introduction. People who experience intrusive thoughts are at increased risk of developing hallucinatory experiences, as are people who have weak reality discrimination skills. No study has yet examined whether these two factors interact to make a pe... Read More about Associations between intrusive thoughts, reality discrimination and hallucination-proneness in healthy young adults.

The role of the superior temporal lobe in auditory false perceptions: A transcranial direct current stimulation study (2014)
Journal Article

Neuroimaging has shown that a network of cortical areas, which includes the superior temporal gyrus, is active during auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs). In the present study, healthy, non-hallucinating participants (N=30) completed an auditory si... Read More about The role of the superior temporal lobe in auditory false perceptions: A transcranial direct current stimulation study.

Shot through with voices: Dissociation mediates the relationship between varieties of inner speech and auditory hallucination proneness (2014)
Journal Article

Inner speech is a commonly experienced but poorly understood phenomenon. The Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire (VISQ; McCarthy-Jones & Fernyhough, 2011) assesses four characteristics of inner speech: dialogicality, evaluative/motivational conte... Read More about Shot through with voices: Dissociation mediates the relationship between varieties of inner speech and auditory hallucination proneness.

From phenomenology to a neurophysiological understanding of hallucinations in children and adolescents (2014)
Journal Article

Typically reported as vivid, multisensory experiences which may spontaneously resolve, hallucinations are present at high rates during childhood. The risk of associated psychopathology is a major cause of concern. On the one hand, the risk of develop... Read More about From phenomenology to a neurophysiological understanding of hallucinations in children and adolescents.

Children with imaginary companions focus on mental characteristics when describing their real-life friends (2014)
Journal Article

Relations between having an imaginary companion (IC) and (i) descriptions of a real-life friend, (ii) theory of mind performance, and (iii) reported prosocial behaviour and behavioural difficulties were investigated in a sample of 5-year-olds (N = 15... Read More about Children with imaginary companions focus on mental characteristics when describing their real-life friends.

Is mind-mindedness trait-like or a quality of close relationships? Evidence from descriptions of significant others, famous people, and works of art (2014)
Journal Article

The four studies reported here sought to explore the nature of the construct of mind-mindedness. In Study 1, involving 37 mothers of 5- to 8-year-old children, mothers’ verbal mind-minded descriptions of their children were positively correlated with... Read More about Is mind-mindedness trait-like or a quality of close relationships? Evidence from descriptions of significant others, famous people, and works of art.

Report on the 2nd International Consortium on Hallucination Research: Evolving Directions and Top-10 “Hot Spots” in Hallucination Research (2013)
Journal Article

This article presents a report on the 2nd meeting of the International Consortium on Hallucination Research, held on September 12th and 13th 2013 at Durham University, UK. Twelve working groups involving specialists in each area presented their findi... Read More about Report on the 2nd International Consortium on Hallucination Research: Evolving Directions and Top-10 “Hot Spots” in Hallucination Research.

Auditory verbal hallucinations as atypical inner speech monitoring, and the potential of neurostimulation as a treatment option (2013)
Journal Article

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are the experience of hearing voices in the absence of any speaker, often associated with a schizophrenia diagnosis. Prominent cognitive models of AVHs suggest they may be the result of inner speech being misattr... Read More about Auditory verbal hallucinations as atypical inner speech monitoring, and the potential of neurostimulation as a treatment option.

Maternal mind-mindedness and children’s behavioral difficulties: Mitigating the impact of low socioeconomic status (2013)
Journal Article

Relations between mothers’ tendency to comment appropriately on their 8-month-olds’ internal states (mind-mindedness) and children’s behavioral difficulties (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) at ages 44 and 61 months were investigated in a so... Read More about Maternal mind-mindedness and children’s behavioral difficulties: Mitigating the impact of low socioeconomic status.

Association Between Maternal Depressogenic Cognitive Style During Pregnancy and Offspring Cognitive Style 18 Years Later. (2013)
Journal Article

Objective Understanding the origins of negative cognitive style could provide a means to prevent adult depression. Cognitive style is an important target for intervention because although it is not possible to remove the stress and adversities in peo... Read More about Association Between Maternal Depressogenic Cognitive Style During Pregnancy and Offspring Cognitive Style 18 Years Later..

Stop, look, listen: The need for philosophical phenomenological perspectives on auditory verbal hallucinations (2013)
Journal Article

One of the leading cognitive models of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) proposes such experiences result from a disturbance in the process by which inner speech is attributed to the self. Research in this area has, however, proceeded in the abse... Read More about Stop, look, listen: The need for philosophical phenomenological perspectives on auditory verbal hallucinations.

Self-regulatory private speech relates to children's recall and organization of autobiographical memories. (2012)
Journal Article

We investigated relations between 4- and 7-year-olds’ (N = 58) autobiographical memory and their use of self-regulatory private speech in a non-mnemonic context (a cognitive planning task). Children's use of self-regulatory private speech during the... Read More about Self-regulatory private speech relates to children's recall and organization of autobiographical memories..

The phenomenological features of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia and across clinical disorders: A state-of-the-art overview and critical evaluation. (2012)
Journal Article

Despite a growing interest in auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in different clinical and nonclinical groups, the phenomenological characteristics of such experiences have not yet been reviewed and contrasted, limiting our understanding of these... Read More about The phenomenological features of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia and across clinical disorders: A state-of-the-art overview and critical evaluation..

Auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia and nonschizophrenia populations: A review and integrated model of cognitive mechanisms (2012)
Journal Article

While the majority of cognitive studies on auditory hallucinations (AHs) have been conducted in schizophrenia (SZ), an increasing number of researchers are turning their attention to different clinical and nonclinical populations, often using SZ find... Read More about Auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia and nonschizophrenia populations: A review and integrated model of cognitive mechanisms.

Mind-mindedness as a multidimensional construct: Appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments independently predict infant–mother attachment in a socially diverse sample (2012)
Journal Article

In a socially diverse sample of 206 infant–mother pairs, we investigated predictors of infants’ attachment security at 15 months, with a particular emphasis on mothers’ tendency to comment appropriately or in a non-attuned manner on their 8-month-old... Read More about Mind-mindedness as a multidimensional construct: Appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments independently predict infant–mother attachment in a socially diverse sample.

Contributions of emotional prosody comprehension deficits to the formation of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia (2012)
Journal Article

Deficits in emotional processing have been widely described in schizophrenia. Associations of positive symptoms with poor emotional prosody comprehension (EPC) have been reported at the phenomenological, behavioral, and neural levels. This review foc... Read More about Contributions of emotional prosody comprehension deficits to the formation of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia.

Assessing negative cognitive style: Development and validation of a short-form version of the Cognitive Style Questionnaire (2012)
Journal Article

The Cognitive Style Questionnaire (CSQ) is a frequently employed measure of negative cognitive style, associated with vulnerability to anxiety and depression. However, the CSQ’s length can limit its utility in research. We describe the development of... Read More about Assessing negative cognitive style: Development and validation of a short-form version of the Cognitive Style Questionnaire.

When words and pictures come alive: Relating the modality of intrusive thoughts to modalities of hypnagogic/hypnopompic hallucinations (2011)
Journal Article

Hypnagogic and hypnopompic (H&H) hallucinations are those experienced on the borders of sleep and waking. Intrusive thoughts have been proposed to relate to the occurrence of such experiences. In a sample of students (N = 299), the present study inve... Read More about When words and pictures come alive: Relating the modality of intrusive thoughts to modalities of hypnagogic/hypnopompic hallucinations.

Self-knowledge in childhood: Relations with children’s imaginary companions and understanding of mind (2011)
Journal Article

Relations between interior self-knowledge and (a) imaginary companion (IC) status, and (b) theory of mind abilities were investigated in a sample (N=80) of 4- to 7-year-olds. Interior self-knowledge was assessed in terms of the extent to which childr... Read More about Self-knowledge in childhood: Relations with children’s imaginary companions and understanding of mind.

The roles of private speech and inner speech in planning during middle childhood: Evidence from a dual task paradigm (2010)
Journal Article

Children often talk themselves through their activities, producing private speech that is internalized to form inner speech. This study assessed the effect of articulatory suppression (which suppresses private and inner speech) on Tower of London per... Read More about The roles of private speech and inner speech in planning during middle childhood: Evidence from a dual task paradigm.

Mind-mindedness and maternal responsiveness in infant–mother interactions in mothers with severe mental illness (2010)
Journal Article

Background. Previous cross-diagnosis studies of interaction between mothers with severe mental illness and their babies have concluded that mothers with schizophrenia have deficits in interaction. These studies have failed to include healthy controls... Read More about Mind-mindedness and maternal responsiveness in infant–mother interactions in mothers with severe mental illness.

A phenomenological survey of auditory verbal hallucinations in the hypnagogic and hypnopompic states. (2010)
Journal Article

The phenomenology of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) occurring in hypnagogic and hypnopompic (H&H) states has received little attention. In a sample of healthy participants (N = 325), 108 participants reported H&H AVHs and answered subsequent q... Read More about A phenomenological survey of auditory verbal hallucinations in the hypnagogic and hypnopompic states..

Brief report: Inner speech impairment in children with autism is associated with greater nonverbal than verbal skills. (2009)
Journal Article

We present a new analysis of Whitehouse, Maybery, and Durkin’s (2006, Experiment 3) data on inner speech in children with autism (CWA). Because inner speech development is thought to depend on linguistically mediated social interaction, we hypothesiz... Read More about Brief report: Inner speech impairment in children with autism is associated with greater nonverbal than verbal skills..

Young children’s trust in their mothers’ claims: Longitudinal links with attachment security in infancy (2009)
Journal Article

In a longitudinal study of attachment, children (N = 147) aged 50 and 61 months heard their mother and a stranger make conflicting claims. In 2 tasks, the available perceptual cues were equally consistent with either person’s claim but children gener... Read More about Young children’s trust in their mothers’ claims: Longitudinal links with attachment security in infancy.

The phenomenology of inner speech: Comparison of schizophrenia patients with auditory verbal hallucinations and healthy controls (2009)
Journal Article

Background Despite the popularity of inner-speech theories of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), little is known about the phenomenological qualities of inner speech in patients with schizophrenia who experience AVHs (Sz-AVHs), or how this compar... Read More about The phenomenology of inner speech: Comparison of schizophrenia patients with auditory verbal hallucinations and healthy controls.

In a dark time: Development, validation, and correlates of the Durham Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations Questionnaire. (2009)
Journal Article

One factor limiting research involving hypnagogic and hypnopompic (H&H) hallucinations is the lack of a brief, valid and reliable self-report measure of such experiences. The present paper reports on the development of the Durham Hypnagogic and Hypno... Read More about In a dark time: Development, validation, and correlates of the Durham Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations Questionnaire..

A new spin on the Wheel of Fortune: Priming of action-authorship judgements and relation to psychosis-like experiences. (2008)
Journal Article

The proposal that there is an illusion of conscious will has been supported by findings that priming of stimulus location in a task requiring judgements of action-authorship can enhance participants’ experience of agency. We attempted to replicate fi... Read More about A new spin on the Wheel of Fortune: Priming of action-authorship judgements and relation to psychosis-like experiences..

Imaginary companions and young children’s responses to ambiguous auditory stimuli: Implications for typical and atypical development (2007)
Journal Article

Background: Previous research has reported a link between imaginary companions (ICs) in middle childhood and the perception of verbal material in ambiguous auditory stimuli. These findings have been interpreted in terms of commonalities in the cognit... Read More about Imaginary companions and young children’s responses to ambiguous auditory stimuli: Implications for typical and atypical development.

The Roles of Locus of Control and Self-Esteem in Hallucination- and Delusion-Proneness in a Non-Clinical Sample (2007)
Journal Article

Possessing either an external locus of control (LOC) or low self-esteem (SE) has been demonstrated prospectively to predict schizophrenia onset. This may be due to the consequences of these qualities for stress perception and resultant cortisol relea... Read More about The Roles of Locus of Control and Self-Esteem in Hallucination- and Delusion-Proneness in a Non-Clinical Sample.

Getting Vygotskian about theory of mind: Mediation, dialogue, and the development of social understanding (2007)
Journal Article

The ideas of Vygotsky [Vygotsky, L. S. (1987). Thinking and speech. In The collected works of L. S. Vygotsky, (Vol. 1). New York: Plenum. (Original work published 1934.)] have been increasingly influential in accounting for social–environmental influ... Read More about Getting Vygotskian about theory of mind: Mediation, dialogue, and the development of social understanding.

A new look at the neural diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia: The primacy of social-evaluative and uncontrollable situations (2006)
Journal Article

The neural diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia proposes that stress, through its effects on cortisol production, acts upon a preexisting vulnerability to trigger and/or worsen the symptoms of schizophrenia. In line with its focus on the neurobiol... Read More about A new look at the neural diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia: The primacy of social-evaluative and uncontrollable situations.

Neural correlates of inner speech and auditory verbal hallucinations: A critical review and theoretical integration (2006)
Journal Article

The neuroimaging and neurophysiological literature on inner speech in healthy participants and those who experience auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) is reviewed. AVH-hearers in remission and controls do not differ neurologically on tasks involvi... Read More about Neural correlates of inner speech and auditory verbal hallucinations: A critical review and theoretical integration.

Sociocultural influences on the development of verbal mediation: Private speech and phonological recoding in Saudi Arabian and British samples (2006)
Journal Article

Cross-national stability in private speech (PS) and short-term memory was investigated in Saudi Arabian (n = 63) and British (n = 58) 4- to 8-year-olds. Assumed differences in child-adult interaction between the 2 nationality groups led to prediction... Read More about Sociocultural influences on the development of verbal mediation: Private speech and phonological recoding in Saudi Arabian and British samples.

Pathways to understanding mind: Construct validity and predictive validity of maternal mind-mindedness (2003)
Journal Article

The construct validity of maternal mind-mindedness (MM) was investigated in the context of its relations with children's later understanding of mind. MM measures were obtained from infant–mother (N=52) interactions at 6 months, and from maternal inte... Read More about Pathways to understanding mind: Construct validity and predictive validity of maternal mind-mindedness.

Rethinking maternal sensitivity: Mothers' comments on infants' mental processes predict security of attachment at 12 months (2001)
Journal Article

This study investigated predictors of attachment security in a play context using a sample of 71 mothers and their 6-month-old infants. We sought to rethink the concept of maternal sensitivity by focusing on mothers' ability accurately to read the me... Read More about Rethinking maternal sensitivity: Mothers' comments on infants' mental processes predict security of attachment at 12 months.