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'Like sugar and honey': the embedded ethics of a larval control project in The Gambia

Kelly, A.H.; Ameh, D.; Majambere, S.; Lindsay, S.W.; Pinder, M.

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A.H. Kelly

D. Ameh

S. Majambere

M. Pinder


This paper describes a malaria research project in The Gambia to provoke thinking on the social value of transnational research. The Larval Control Project (LCP) investigated the efficacy of a microbial insecticide to reduce vector density and, ultimately, clinical malaria in Gambian children. The LCP’s protocol delineated a clinical surveillance scheme that involved Village Health Workers (VHWs) supported by project nurses. Combining insights from ethnographic fieldwork conducted at the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratories in Farafenni from 2005 to 2009, open-ended interviews with project nurses, and eight focus group discussions held with participant mothers in October 2007, we consider the social impact of the LCP’s investigative method against the backdrop of several years of research activity. We found that while participants associated the LCP with the clinical care it provided, they also regarded the collaboration between the nurses and VHWs added additional benefits. Organised around the operational functions of the trial, small-scale collaborations provided the platform from which to build local capacity. While ethical guidelines emphasise the considerations that must be added to experimental endeavour in southern countries (e.g. elaborating processes of informed consent, developing strategies of community engagement or providing therapeutic access to participants after the trial concludes), these findings suggest that shifting attention from supplementing ethical protocols to the everyday work of research – embedding ethics through scientific activity – may provide a sounder basis to reinforce the relationship between scientific rigour and social value.


Kelly, A., Ameh, D., Majambere, S., Lindsay, S., & Pinder, M. (2010). 'Like sugar and honey': the embedded ethics of a larval control project in The Gambia. Social Science & Medicine, 70(12), 1912-1919.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2010
Deposit Date Jul 23, 2012
Publicly Available Date Jun 9, 2015
Journal Social science and medicine
Print ISSN 0277-9536
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 70
Issue 12
Pages 1912-1919
Keywords Africa, The Gambia, Research ethics, Social technology studies, Malaria, Embedding.


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