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Satanic whispers: Milton’s Iblis and the “Great Sultan”

Al-Akhras, Sharihan; Green, Mandy

Satanic whispers: Milton’s Iblis and the “Great Sultan” Thumbnail


Sharihan Al-Akhras


The seventeenth century witnessed a burgeoning of Arabic studies in the universities and the first English translation of the Turkish Alcoran (1649). However, John Milton has generally been passed over in scholarship concerned with the influence of Arabic studies on early modern literature. Yet, since Islam was recognized as one of the great challenges to the true faith at this time, it would be surprizing if its presence were not felt in Milton’s great Protestant epic, Paradise Lost. This article hopes to demonstrate how, at times, Milton’s depiction of Satan is intriguingly similar to that of his Qur’anic counterpart Iblis. Without overstating the Qur’anic influence, it offers for consideration a number of instances where the outlines of both fallen angels converge in a way that amplifies understanding of particular narrative moments in the poem. Readers familiar with the way Milton appropriates narrative paradigms from classical epic, both to enhance Satan’s characterization and subvert classical conceptions of heroism, might find it interesting to speculate whether he also deployed a similar, though not so extensive, strategy in relation to Islam, drawing on Qur’anic imagery in the cause of Christian truth, while at the same time tarring Muhammad’s teachings as impostures of Satan.


Al-Akhras, S., & Green, M. (2016). Satanic whispers: Milton’s Iblis and the “Great Sultan”. The Seventeenth Century, 1-20.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 20, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 29, 2016
Publication Date Nov 29, 2016
Deposit Date Dec 9, 2016
Publicly Available Date May 18, 2018
Journal Seventeenth Century
Print ISSN 0268-117X
Electronic ISSN 2050-4616
Publisher Taylor and Francis Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 1-20
Keywords Milton Islam Iblis Qur'an Muhammed Satan Paradise Lost


Accepted Journal Article (767 Kb)

Copyright Statement
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in The seventeenth century on 29/11/2016 available online at:

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