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Optical effects of domain walls

Khoze, Valentin V.; Milne, Daniel L.

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Authors

Daniel Milne daniel.l.milne@durham.ac.uk
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy



Abstract

Domain walls arise in theories where there is spontaneous symmetry breaking of a discrete symmetry such as ZN and are a feature of many BSM models. In this work we consider the possibility of detecting domain walls through their optical effects and specify three different methods of coupling domain walls to the photon. We consider the effects of these couplings in the context of gravitational wave detectors, such as LIGO, and examine the sensitivity of these experiments to domain wall effects. In cases where gravitational wave detectors are not sensitive we examine our results in the context of axion experiments and show how effects of passing domain walls can be detected at interferometers searching for an axion signal.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 23, 2022
Online Publication Date Apr 8, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date May 10, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 10, 2022
Journal Physics Letters B
Print ISSN 0370-2693
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 829
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137044
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1208770

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