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Outputs (97)

Personal Development of Doctoral Students (2024)
Journal Article
Riby, D. M., & Rees, S. (2024). Personal Development of Doctoral Students. Encyclopedia, 4(2), 743-752. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia4020047

Definition: Personal development refers to the process of increasing one’s self-awareness, associated increases of self-esteem, increasing skills, and fulfilling one’s aspirations. The current paper reflects on these elements within the doctoral jour... Read More about Personal Development of Doctoral Students.

Associations between autistic traits, depression, social anxiety and social rejection in autistic and non-autistic adults (2024)
Journal Article
Gurbuz, E., Riby, D. M., South, M., & Hanley, M. (2024). Associations between autistic traits, depression, social anxiety and social rejection in autistic and non-autistic adults. Scientific Reports, 14(1), Article 9065. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-024-59532-3

Autistic people frequently experience negative judgements from non-autistic people, often fuelled by misconceptions that autistic people lack empathy. Understanding responses to negative social judgement among autistic people is crucial because of th... Read More about Associations between autistic traits, depression, social anxiety and social rejection in autistic and non-autistic adults.

No transfer of arousal from other’s eyes in Williams syndrome (2023)
Journal Article
Kleberg, J. L., Hallman, A. E. Z., Galazka, M. A., Riby, D. M., Bölte, S., Willfors, C., …Nordgren, A. (2023). No transfer of arousal from other’s eyes in Williams syndrome. Scientific Reports, 13(1), Article 18397. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-45521-5

Typically developing humans automatically synchronize their arousal levels, resulting in pupillary contagion, or spontaneous adaptation of pupil size to that of others. This phenomenon emerges in infancy and is believed to facilitate social interacti... Read More about No transfer of arousal from other’s eyes in Williams syndrome.

Anxiety, concerns and COVID-19: Cross-country perspectives from families and individuals with neurodevelopmental conditions (2023)
Journal Article
Sideropoulos, V., Van Herwegen, J., Meuleman, B., Alessandri, M., Alnemary, F. M., Rad, J. A., …Samson, A. C. (2023). Anxiety, concerns and COVID-19: Cross-country perspectives from families and individuals with neurodevelopmental conditions. Journal of Global Health, 13, Article 04081. https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.13.04081

Background The COVID-19 pandemic had a major impact on the mental health and well-being of children with neurodevelopmental conditions (NDCs) and of their families worldwide. However, there is insufficient evidence to understand how different factor... Read More about Anxiety, concerns and COVID-19: Cross-country perspectives from families and individuals with neurodevelopmental conditions.

‘Intolerance of Uncertainty’ mediates the relationship between social profile and anxiety in both Williams Syndrome and autism (2021)
Journal Article

Anxiety is the most significant mental health concern for both Williams syndrome (WS) and autism. Whilst WS and autism are characterised by some syndrome-specific social differences, less is known about cross-syndrome profiles of anxiety symptoms. Pr... Read More about ‘Intolerance of Uncertainty’ mediates the relationship between social profile and anxiety in both Williams Syndrome and autism.

An EEG investigation of alpha and beta activity during resting states in adults with Williams syndrome (2021)
Journal Article

Background Williams syndrome (WS) is neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by executive deficits of attention and inhibitory processing. The current study examined the neural mechanisms during resting states in adults with WS in order to investig... Read More about An EEG investigation of alpha and beta activity during resting states in adults with Williams syndrome.

Psychological Distress and Positive Gain in Mothers of Children with Autism, With or Without Other Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders (2020)
Journal Article

Although a wealth of literature has focused on the parenting experiences of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there is a lack of research about mothers who are parenting a child with ASD, and who have other children with neurod... Read More about Psychological Distress and Positive Gain in Mothers of Children with Autism, With or Without Other Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

Sensory Processing Profiles and Autistic Symptoms as Predictive Factors in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Williams Syndrome (2020)
Journal Article

Background: Unusual sensory responses were included in the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet they are also common among individuals with other neurodevelopmental disorders, including Williams syndrome (WS). Cross‐syndrome co... Read More about Sensory Processing Profiles and Autistic Symptoms as Predictive Factors in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Williams Syndrome.

A cross-syndrome approach to the social phenotype of neurodevelopmental disorders: Focusing on social vulnerability and social interaction style (2020)
Journal Article

Background: Following Annette Karmiloff-Smith’s approach to cognitive research, this study applied a cross-syndrome approach to the social phenotype, focusing on social vulnerability (SV) and the factors that contribute to it. Aims: To (i) identify s... Read More about A cross-syndrome approach to the social phenotype of neurodevelopmental disorders: Focusing on social vulnerability and social interaction style.

Does culture shape face perception in autism? Cross-cultural evidence of the own-race advantage from the UK and Japan (2020)
Journal Article

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with face perception atypicalities, and atypical experience with faces has been proposed as an underlying explanation. Studying the own‐race advantage (ORA) for face recognition can reveal the effect of... Read More about Does culture shape face perception in autism? Cross-cultural evidence of the own-race advantage from the UK and Japan.

Distraction, Distress and Diversity: Exploring the impact of sensory processing differences on learning and school life for pupils with autism spectrum disorders (2020)
Journal Article

Background: Many individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) experience sensory differences that impact daily functioning. This study aimed to capture parent and teacher perspectives on how sensory differences affect learning and life at school... Read More about Distraction, Distress and Diversity: Exploring the impact of sensory processing differences on learning and school life for pupils with autism spectrum disorders.

Siblings of children with Williams syndrome: Correlates of psychosocial adjustment and sibling relationship quality (2019)
Journal Article

Previous research has examined adjustment in parents of children with Williams syndrome (WS), but little is known about sibling outcomes. Aims: To explore sibling adjustment and relationship quality, and their demographic, psychological and behaviour... Read More about Siblings of children with Williams syndrome: Correlates of psychosocial adjustment and sibling relationship quality.

Short Report: Relationships between Sensory Processing, Repetitive Behaviours, Anxiety, and Intolerance of Uncertainty in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Williams Syndrome (2019)
Journal Article

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Williams syndrome (WS) share psychopathology relating to sensory processing and repetitive behaviors. The relationships between the sensory features and repetitive behaviors in both disorders, and the mechanisms und... Read More about Short Report: Relationships between Sensory Processing, Repetitive Behaviours, Anxiety, and Intolerance of Uncertainty in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Williams Syndrome.

Implications of capacity in the classroom: Simplifying tasks for autistic children may not be the answer (2018)
Journal Article

Background: Research has demonstrated evidence for increased perceptual capacity in autism: autistic people can process more information at any given time than neurotypical individuals. The implications of this for educating autistic pupils have not... Read More about Implications of capacity in the classroom: Simplifying tasks for autistic children may not be the answer.

Classroom displays - Attraction or Distraction? Evidence of impact on attention and learning from children with and without autism (2017)
Journal Article

Paying attention is a critical first step toward learning. For children in primary school classrooms there can be many things to attend to other than the focus of a lesson, such as visual displays on classroom walls. The aim of this study was to use... Read More about Classroom displays - Attraction or Distraction? Evidence of impact on attention and learning from children with and without autism.

Visual attention and academic performance in children with developmental disabilities and behavioural attention deficits (2016)
Journal Article

Despite well-documented attention deficits in children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), distinctions across types of attention problems and their association with academic attainment has not been fully explored. This study exam... Read More about Visual attention and academic performance in children with developmental disabilities and behavioural attention deficits.

The developmental trajectory of parent-report and objective sleep profiles in autism spectrum disorder: Associations with anxiety and bedtime routines (2016)
Journal Article

The present study compared the course of parent-report and actigraphy-derived sleep profiles over a 1-year period, in school-age children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children. The Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire and 1... Read More about The developmental trajectory of parent-report and objective sleep profiles in autism spectrum disorder: Associations with anxiety and bedtime routines.

Violations of Personal Space in Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Williams Syndrome: Insights from the Social Responsiveness Scale (2015)
Journal Article

Interpersonal distance regulation is crucial for successful social interactions. We investigated personal space awareness in Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to typical development. Parents reported that individuals... Read More about Violations of Personal Space in Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Williams Syndrome: Insights from the Social Responsiveness Scale.

The use of eye-tracking to explore social difficulties in cognitively able students with autism spectrum disorder: A pilot investigation (2015)
Journal Article

in understanding the social world. Even for those who are cognitively able, autism-related difficulties continue into adulthood. Atypicalities attending to and interpreting communicative signals from others can provide barriers to success in educatio... Read More about The use of eye-tracking to explore social difficulties in cognitively able students with autism spectrum disorder: A pilot investigation.

Psychological Correlates of Sensory Processing Patterns in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review (2015)
Journal Article

Existing evidence suggests that there is a relationship between sensory processing difficulties and the clinical and non-clinical features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current review aimed to evaluate evidence of the psychological correlate... Read More about Psychological Correlates of Sensory Processing Patterns in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.

Cognitive training as a resolution for early executive function difficulties in children with intellectual disabilities (2015)
Journal Article

Core executive functions (EF) such as attention, and working memory have been strongly associated with academic achievement, language development and behavioral stability. In the case of children who are vulnerable to cognitive and learning problems... Read More about Cognitive training as a resolution for early executive function difficulties in children with intellectual disabilities.

That looks familiar: attention allocation to familiar and unfamiliar faces in children with autism spectrum disorder (2014)
Journal Article

Introduction. Existing eye-tracking literature has shown that both adults and children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) show fewer and slower fixations on faces. Despite this reduced saliency and processing of other faces, recognition of their ow... Read More about That looks familiar: attention allocation to familiar and unfamiliar faces in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Attention during social interaction in children with autism: Comparison to specific language impairment, typical development, and links to social cognition (2014)
Journal Article

Eye-tracking studies have shown how people with autism spend significantly less time looking at socially relevant information on-screen compared to those developing typically. This has been suggested to impact on the development of socio-cognitive sk... Read More about Attention during social interaction in children with autism: Comparison to specific language impairment, typical development, and links to social cognition.

Mapping real-world to online vulnerability in young people with developmental disorders: Illustrations from autism and Williams syndrome (2014)
Journal Article

The Internet poses a new kind of threat, especially for those individuals already vulnerable in society. The current paper draws on the social phenotypes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Williams syndrome (WS) to propose that indivi... Read More about Mapping real-world to online vulnerability in young people with developmental disorders: Illustrations from autism and Williams syndrome.

Exploring the prevalence and phenomenology of repetitive behaviours and abnormal sensory processing in children with Williams Syndrome (2013)
Journal Article

Background A small amount of research with individuals who have Williams Syndrome (WS) suggests that children with the condition may be vulnerable to sensory processing abnormalities and present with repetitive and restricted behaviours. Methods Pare... Read More about Exploring the prevalence and phenomenology of repetitive behaviours and abnormal sensory processing in children with Williams Syndrome.

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attend typically to faces and objects presented within their picture communication systems (2013)
Journal Article

ackground Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may require interventions for communication difficulties. One type of intervention is picture communication symbols which are proposed to improve comprehension of linguistic input for children wi... Read More about Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attend typically to faces and objects presented within their picture communication systems.

Brief report: Exploring the relationship between repetitive behaviours and sensory processing in Williams syndrome (2013)
Journal Article

This study explored the relationship between sensory processing abnormalities and repetitive behaviours in children with Williams Syndrome (WS; n = 21). This is a novel investigation bringing together two clinical phenomena for the first time in this... Read More about Brief report: Exploring the relationship between repetitive behaviours and sensory processing in Williams syndrome.

Everyone’s friend? The case of Williams syndrome (2011)
Book Chapter
Riby, D., Bruce, V., & Jawaid, A. (2011). Everyone’s friend? The case of Williams syndrome. In B. Oakley, A. Knafo, G. Madhavan, & D. Wilson (Eds.), Pathological Altruism. Ocford University Press

Face Processing and Social Interactions (2011)
Book Chapter
Riby, D. (2011). Face Processing and Social Interactions. In E. Farran, & A. Karmiloff-Smith (Eds.), Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan. Oxford University Press

Williams syndrome (2010)
Book Chapter
Riby, D., & Porter, M. (2010). Williams syndrome. In J. Holmes (Ed.), ). Developmental Disorders & Interventions: Advances in Child Development and Behavior. Academic Press