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Outputs (118)

What matters in early childhood education? A natural experiment assessing children’s cognitive and social-emotional learning? (2024)
Book Chapter
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., Dixon, P., See, B., Bulsari, S., Saeed, S., …Pandya, K. (2024). What matters in early childhood education? A natural experiment assessing children’s cognitive and social-emotional learning?. In S. Gorard, & N. Siddiqui (Eds.), An International Approach to Developing Early Career Researchers: A Pipeline to Robust Education Research. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003455066-4

This study addresses the impact of early childhood education in Pakistan and India. This is a natural experiment design where children of comparable age and household socioeconomic characteristics are in both groups of attending school and not attend... Read More about What matters in early childhood education? A natural experiment assessing children’s cognitive and social-emotional learning?.

An International Approach to Developing Early Career Researchers: A Pipeline to Robust Education Research (2024)
Book
Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (Eds.). (2024). An International Approach to Developing Early Career Researchers: A Pipeline to Robust Education Research. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003455066

This edited volume illustrates the idea of a successful research capacity model, critically addressing preconceived notions of early career research projects’ impact and drawing together insights and implications around the encouragement of newer res... Read More about An International Approach to Developing Early Career Researchers: A Pipeline to Robust Education Research.

Building research capacity through a pipeline (2024)
Book Chapter
Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2024). Building research capacity through a pipeline. In S. Gorard, & N. Siddiqui (Eds.), An International Approach to Developing Early Career Researchers: A Pipeline to Robust Education Research. London: Routledge

This book is unusual in having two related objectives. The overarching concern is about assisting the trajectories of researchers at every stage of their career, from conducting an MA thesis to promoted academic posts. And this is the explicit focus... Read More about Building research capacity through a pipeline.

A survey of children’s learning and non-cognitive attitudes in England and Pakistan (2024)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2024). A survey of children’s learning and non-cognitive attitudes in England and Pakistan. Educational Review, https://doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2024.2331121

Children’s learning attitudes and social emotional skills can be shaped by their family background and school experiences. This study compares 832 children aged 10-11 years old attending primary and middle schools in England and Pakistan, who com... Read More about A survey of children’s learning and non-cognitive attitudes in England and Pakistan.

A report on the impact of RAAC closure on the exam cohorts of St Leonard’s Catholic School, County Durham (2024)
Report
Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2024). A report on the impact of RAAC closure on the exam cohorts of St Leonard’s Catholic School, County Durham. Durham: Bishop Wilkinson Catholic Education Trust

St Leonard’s School, Durham has been seriously affected by the RAAC crisis. It was one of only two secondary schools in England that was required to close completely in September 2023, and is reportedly the school most affected by RAAC. This report e... Read More about A report on the impact of RAAC closure on the exam cohorts of St Leonard’s Catholic School, County Durham.

A Comparative Study Data on Early-Years Education of Children in India and Pakistan, 2020-2021 (2023)
Dataset
Siddiqui, N., Huo, G., Gorard, S., Dixon, P., See, B., Bulsari, S., & Pandya, K. (2023). A Comparative Study Data on Early-Years Education of Children in India and Pakistan, 2020-2021. [Dataset]

School enrolment of around 80% in India and Pakistan is lower than targets associated with Sustainable Development Goal 4 and functional levels of literacy and numeracy are inadequate even for many young children who are enrolled in school. This proj... Read More about A Comparative Study Data on Early-Years Education of Children in India and Pakistan, 2020-2021.

Special issue: Gender equality and education (2023)
Journal Article
Daniel, J., & Siddiqui, N. (2023). Special issue: Gender equality and education. Review of Education, 11(3), Article e3456. https://doi.org/10.1002/rev3.3456

This special issue presents a compilation of scholarly articles on gender equality in education. This issue is particularly timely, aligning with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 5, which emphasises the importance of achieving gender... Read More about Special issue: Gender equality and education.

Understanding the Patterns of Hate Incidents and Reporting Attitudes at a UK University (2023)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Towl, G., Matthewson, J., & Earnshaw, M. (2023). Understanding the Patterns of Hate Incidents and Reporting Attitudes at a UK University. Qeios, https://doi.org/10.32388/D3PO6I

Widening participation, through diversity and inclusion, has become a major goal to achieve in UK Higher Education, with the potential of the most able, rather than simply the socially advantaged, attending university. Addressing challenges of racism... Read More about Understanding the Patterns of Hate Incidents and Reporting Attitudes at a UK University.

How finance-based interventions can improve attainment at school for disadvantaged students: A review of international evidence (2023)
Journal Article
See, B., Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., Hitt, L., el-Soufi, N., & Lu, B. (2023). How finance-based interventions can improve attainment at school for disadvantaged students: A review of international evidence. Educational Research and Evaluation, https://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2023.2273540

The challenge of improving attainment in schools has been a longstanding issue, particularly in developing countries. This paper uses a structured review to examine the best causal evidence from research worldwide on the impact of various strategies,... Read More about How finance-based interventions can improve attainment at school for disadvantaged students: A review of international evidence.

Improving Attendance and Enrolment at School for Children Living in Poverty (2023)
Journal Article
See, B. H., Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., El Soufi, N., Hitt, L., & Lu, B. (2023). Improving Attendance and Enrolment at School for Children Living in Poverty. Nordic Journal of Systematic Reviews in Education, 1(1), 1-29

This paper summarises the findings of a large-scale structured review of 73 studies to iden-tify promising interventions to increase school enrolment and attendance, particularly in less developed countries where school... Read More about Improving Attendance and Enrolment at School for Children Living in Poverty.

Can a code-based approach to marking and feedback reduce teachers’ workload? An evaluation of the FLASH marking intervention (2023)
Journal Article
Morris, R., Gorard, S., See, B., & Siddiqui, N. (2023). Can a code-based approach to marking and feedback reduce teachers’ workload? An evaluation of the FLASH marking intervention. Oxford Review of Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2023.2258779

Heavy teacher workload is of considerable policy concern in many education systems in the world. It is considered one of the main contributory factors in teacher attrition. One aspect of workload that could be addressed is reducing the amount of mark... Read More about Can a code-based approach to marking and feedback reduce teachers’ workload? An evaluation of the FLASH marking intervention.

Lessons for addressing educational disadvantage from a range of studies (2023)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. H. (2023). Lessons for addressing educational disadvantage from a range of studies. Cogent Education, 10(2), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2023.2262258

Governments and education systems worldwide have tried using additional cash transfers to encourage school enrolment and attendance, and to reduce the attainment gap between disadvantaged students and their peers. There are now many strands of eviden... Read More about Lessons for addressing educational disadvantage from a range of studies.

What does school mean to children? (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2023, September). What does school mean to children?. Paper presented at BERA 2023, Aston University, Birmingham

School is a long-term intervention in children’s lives. Children spend many hours in school where the expectation is that the activities will boost their natural growth and academic potential in the most receptive years of development. However, lea... Read More about What does school mean to children?.

Is parental awareness of children's academic potential a good predictor of children's learning outcomes in Early Year's settings? Findings from two provinces in Pakistan and India (2023)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Dixon, P., & Gorard, S. (2023). Is parental awareness of children's academic potential a good predictor of children's learning outcomes in Early Year's settings? Findings from two provinces in Pakistan and India. Journal of Social Sciences, 8(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2023.100651

Awareness and knowledge form the basis of parental involvement in children's education. There is very little known about parental awareness of children's learning in the Early Years setting, especially in global south countries. This study presents f... Read More about Is parental awareness of children's academic potential a good predictor of children's learning outcomes in Early Year's settings? Findings from two provinces in Pakistan and India.

The disproportionality of ethnic minority teachers in England: trends, patterns, and problems (2023)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Chen, W., Tan, Y., Gazmuri, C., See, B., Tereshchenko, A., …Siddiqui, N. (2023). The disproportionality of ethnic minority teachers in England: trends, patterns, and problems. Routledge Open Research, 2(13), https://doi.org/10.12688/routledgeopenres.17798.1

Background: England has an ethnically diverse population; reflected in the teacher workforce, and the student body in schools. However, it is not clear that these figures are in proportion to each other. This paper examines the ethnic profile of stud... Read More about The disproportionality of ethnic minority teachers in England: trends, patterns, and problems.

Evaluation of Supported Progression (SP) schemes offered by Durham University (2023)
Working Paper
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & Boliver, V. (2023). Evaluation of Supported Progression (SP) schemes offered by Durham University

Durham University’s Supported Progression (SP) programme aims to help increase the socioeconomic diversity of Durham’s undergraduate population. SP is a combination of interventions for widening access initiatives providing young people from disadvan... Read More about Evaluation of Supported Progression (SP) schemes offered by Durham University.

Does school matter for early childhood education? Assessing cognitive and wider development of children in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India (2022)
Report
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., Bulsari, S., Saeed, S., Sarfaraz, H., See, B. H., …Pandya, K. (2022). Does school matter for early childhood education? Assessing cognitive and wider development of children in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India. Durham University Evidence Centre for Education

School is a long-term intervention in children’s lives. Children spend many hours in school where the expectation is that the activities will boost their natural growth and academic potential in the most receptive years of development. However, learn... Read More about Does school matter for early childhood education? Assessing cognitive and wider development of children in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India.

Does School Matter? Report launch event (2022)
Digital Artefact
Siddiqui, N. (2022). Does School Matter? Report launch event. [You Tube]

Report launch event in which 60 people participated. The keynote was given by Ziauddin Yousafzai (Malala's father)

Does school matter for early childhood education? Assessing cognitive and wider development of children in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India (2022)
Report
Siddiqui, N., Stephen, G., Smruti, B., Saba, S., Hamza, S., Beng Huat, S., …Kiran, P. (2022). Does school matter for early childhood education? Assessing cognitive and wider development of children in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India. British Academy

School is a long-term intervention in children’s lives. Children spend many hours in school where the expectation is that the activities will boost their natural growth and academic potential in the most receptive years of development. However, learn... Read More about Does school matter for early childhood education? Assessing cognitive and wider development of children in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India.

Is household income a reliable measure when assessing educational outcomes? A Jigsaw of two datasets (Next Steps and National Pupil Database) for understanding indicators of disadvantage (2022)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2023). Is household income a reliable measure when assessing educational outcomes? A Jigsaw of two datasets (Next Steps and National Pupil Database) for understanding indicators of disadvantage. International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 46(2), 118-132. https://doi.org/10.1080/1743727x.2022.2094359

Robust indicators are important for identifying young people at risk of not meeting expected achievement goals in education, and for ensuring that they are rightly receiving relevant state-funded assistance. This paper compares the quality and comple... Read More about Is household income a reliable measure when assessing educational outcomes? A Jigsaw of two datasets (Next Steps and National Pupil Database) for understanding indicators of disadvantage.

The more selective, the more effective? The geographical difference of the effectiveness of selective education (2022)
Journal Article
Lu, B., & Siddiqui, N. (2022). The more selective, the more effective? The geographical difference of the effectiveness of selective education. Educational Review, https://doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2022.2054960

The impact of academically selective schools on children’s learning achievement has received global attention for decades. Despite the persistence of early-age selection in many countries, evidence of its impacts is mixed. This study analysed nationa... Read More about The more selective, the more effective? The geographical difference of the effectiveness of selective education.

Can We Teach Non-Cognitive Outcomes? A Quasi-experimental Study of Philosophy for Children (2022)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2022). Can We Teach Non-Cognitive Outcomes? A Quasi-experimental Study of Philosophy for Children. Education Sciences, 12(5), Article 322. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci12050322

Non-cognitive learning taking place at school helps form dispositions that can be as important as cognitive outcomes in terms of lifelong relevance. There are diverse interventions and school-based programmes targeting non-cognitive skills, but the e... Read More about Can We Teach Non-Cognitive Outcomes? A Quasi-experimental Study of Philosophy for Children.

Flash Marketing Evaluation Report (2022)
Report
Morris, R., Gorard, S., See, B., & Siddiqui, N. (2022). Flash Marketing Evaluation Report. [No known commissioning body]

Thinking bigger: The importance of an ambitious doctoral research project (2022)
Book Chapter
Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2022). Thinking bigger: The importance of an ambitious doctoral research project. In Making Your Doctoral Research Project Ambitious. Routledge

This chapter sets the scene for this book. We present the case for doing ambitious doctoral projects, and provide advice for prospective researchers on making their doctoral journey a worthwhile experience. The chapter includes some fresh perspective... Read More about Thinking bigger: The importance of an ambitious doctoral research project.

A conceptual replication study of a self-affirmation intervention to improve the academic achievement of low-income pupils in England (2022)
Journal Article
See, B., Morris, R., Gorard., S., Siddiqui, N., Easterbrook, M., Nieuwenhuis, M., …Banerjee, R. (2022). A conceptual replication study of a self-affirmation intervention to improve the academic achievement of low-income pupils in England. Educational Research and Evaluation, https://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2021.2022317

Self-affirmation theory suggests that some potentially stigmatised groups, such as those from ethnic minority or poor families, face stereotype threats which undermine their academic performance. Engaging in value affirmation writing activities at ti... Read More about A conceptual replication study of a self-affirmation intervention to improve the academic achievement of low-income pupils in England.

Who counts as socioeconomically disadvantaged for the purposes of widening access to higher education? (2022)
Journal Article
Boliver, V., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2022). Who counts as socioeconomically disadvantaged for the purposes of widening access to higher education?. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 43(3), 349-374. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2021.2017852

This paper evaluates a range of measures commonly used to target and measure the success of efforts to widen access to higher education. We demonstrate empirically that the area-level widening access metrics advocated by England’s Office for Students... Read More about Who counts as socioeconomically disadvantaged for the purposes of widening access to higher education?.

Increasing understanding of the aspirations and expectations of Roma students (2021)
Journal Article
Zelinsky, T., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2021). Increasing understanding of the aspirations and expectations of Roma students. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 42(4), 588-606. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2021.1872366

Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Europe, and despite the efforts of national governments and international institutions in many countries, the majority still live below the poverty line. It is estimated that only approximately 20 per cent of a... Read More about Increasing understanding of the aspirations and expectations of Roma students.

Teacher Mobility in Punjab, Pakistan: Stayers and Movers within the Public and Private Schools (2021)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., & Shaukat, S. (2021). Teacher Mobility in Punjab, Pakistan: Stayers and Movers within the Public and Private Schools. Education Sciences, 11(7), Article 358. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11070358

Understanding the determinants of teacher mobility is important in order to implement effective policies for the recruitment, retention, and fair allocation of teachers. The teacher transfer policy implemented in Punjab, Pakistan, is intended to addr... Read More about Teacher Mobility in Punjab, Pakistan: Stayers and Movers within the Public and Private Schools.

A systematic review of the impact of technology-mediated parental engagement on student outcomes (2021)
Journal Article
See, B., Gorard, S., El Soufi, B., Lu, B., Siddiqui, N., & Dong, L. (2021). A systematic review of the impact of technology-mediated parental engagement on student outcomes. Educational Research and Evaluation, 26(3-4), 150-181. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2021.1924791

There is considerable evidence that the level of parental involvement is closely associated with children’s school outcomes. Schools are increasingly using digital technology to engage parents but the impact of such technology on students’ learning b... Read More about A systematic review of the impact of technology-mediated parental engagement on student outcomes.

Is technology always helpful?: A critical review of the impact on learning outcomes of education technology in supporting formative assessment in schools (2021)
Journal Article
See, B. H., Gorard, S., Lu, B., Dong, L., & Siddiqui, N. (2022). Is technology always helpful?: A critical review of the impact on learning outcomes of education technology in supporting formative assessment in schools. Research Papers in Education, 37(6), 1064-1096. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2021.1907778

While education technology has been widely used in classrooms, and considerable investments have been made to support its use in the UK, the evidence base for many such rapidly changing technologies is weak, and their efficacy is unclear. The aim of... Read More about Is technology always helpful?: A critical review of the impact on learning outcomes of education technology in supporting formative assessment in schools.

Assessing the impact of Pupil Premium funding on primary school segregation and attainment (2021)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, H. (2022). Assessing the impact of Pupil Premium funding on primary school segregation and attainment. Research Papers in Education, 37(6), 992-1019. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2021.1907775

Using funding to improve educational outcomes is a common policy approach, usually assumed to be effective; but it is less commonly agreed how the money should be routed, and what it should be used for. This paper examines the possible impact of one... Read More about Assessing the impact of Pupil Premium funding on primary school segregation and attainment.

Literacy for Life: Evaluating the National Literacy Trust’s bespoke programme for schools (2021)
Journal Article
Morris, R., See, B., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2023). Literacy for Life: Evaluating the National Literacy Trust’s bespoke programme for schools. Educational Studies, 49(2), 369-387. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2020.1867077

This paper presents an evaluation of ‘Literacy for Life’ (LfL) – a whole-school literacy programme, implemented in five secondary schools in England. The aims of LfL were to improve literacy attainment and to promote positive attitudes to reading and... Read More about Literacy for Life: Evaluating the National Literacy Trust’s bespoke programme for schools.

Longitudinal Study of Socioeconomic Segregation Between Schools in the UK (2020)
Journal Article
Martínez-Garrido, C., Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2020). Longitudinal Study of Socioeconomic Segregation Between Schools in the UK. Revista electrónica iberoamericana sobre calidad, eficacia y cambio en educación, 18(4), 123-141. https://doi.org/10.15366/reice2020.18.4.005

he aim of this study is to understand the behavior of school segregation by socioeconomic level in the UK. To do this, all data from the United Kingdom are analyzed in the PISA Assessment from 2000 to 2015 and the Gorard index, Dissimilarity index, a... Read More about Longitudinal Study of Socioeconomic Segregation Between Schools in the UK.

Interim project report on ECE project in India and Pakistan (2020)
Report
Siddiqui, N. (2020). Interim project report on ECE project in India and Pakistan. British Academy GCRF

We are pleased to report that the project has been successfully launched in the State of Gujarat, India and the province of Punjab, Pakistan under most unfortunate and critical circumstance due to the Covid 19 crisis. Before the global pandemic hit t... Read More about Interim project report on ECE project in India and Pakistan.

Interim project report on ECE project in India and Pakistan (2020)
Working Paper
Siddiqui, N., Bulsari, S., Gorard, S., Saeed, S., Saeed, S., See, B. H., …Pandya, K. (2020). Interim project report on ECE project in India and Pakistan

We are pleased to report that the project has been successfully launched in the State of Gujarat, India and the province of Punjab, Pakistan under most unfortunate and critical circumstance due to the Covid 19 crisis. Before the global pandemic hit t... Read More about Interim project report on ECE project in India and Pakistan.

Generating research evidence in teaching practice: Can teachers lead randomised control trials in education? (2020)
Book Chapter
Siddiqui, N. (2020). Generating research evidence in teaching practice: Can teachers lead randomised control trials in education?. In S. Gorard (Ed.), Getting Evidence into Education: Evaluating the Routes to Policy and Practice. Routledge

The role of school leaders in research is underestimated, and often not considered reliable enough for impact studies. And teachers themselves may feel that their experiences and observations should have precedence over research evidence. These perce... Read More about Generating research evidence in teaching practice: Can teachers lead randomised control trials in education?.

Pilot study report 2020 : Assessing Early Years Schooling, Access and Student Outcomes (AESAS): Establishing routes for sustainable education in Pakistan and India (2020)
Working Paper
Siddiqui, N. Pilot study report 2020 : Assessing Early Years Schooling, Access and Student Outcomes (AESAS): Establishing routes for sustainable education in Pakistan and India

AESAS project is an opportunity for us to investigate the importance and function of school in children’s lives in the two largest regions of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India. AESAS is a comparative study of children’s learning outcomes i... Read More about Pilot study report 2020 : Assessing Early Years Schooling, Access and Student Outcomes (AESAS): Establishing routes for sustainable education in Pakistan and India.

What is the evidence on the best way to get evidence into use in education? (2020)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N,, B., & See, B. (2020). What is the evidence on the best way to get evidence into use in education?. Review of Education, 8(2), 570-610. https://doi.org/10.1002/rev3.3200

For decades there have been calls by concerned stakeholders to improve the quality of education research, and some progress has been made towards creating a more secure evidence base in some areas. More programmes and approaches that have a reasonabl... Read More about What is the evidence on the best way to get evidence into use in education?.

Why is it difficult to get evidence into use? (2020)
Book Chapter
See, B. (2020). Why is it difficult to get evidence into use?. In S. Gorard (Ed.), Getting evidence into education : evaluating the routes into policy and practice (84-99). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429290343

An increasingly large body of research has been generated in the last two to three decades, many claiming to offer new insights and new evidence on how to improve education. With the push for evidence-informed policy and practice, schools and policy... Read More about Why is it difficult to get evidence into use?.

Pilot study report 2020 : Assessing Early Years Schooling, Access and Student Outcomes (AESAS): Establishing routes for sustainable education in Pakistan and India (2020)
Working Paper
Siddiqui, N., Bulsari, S., Gorard, S., See, B. H., Dixon, P., Pandya, K., …Saeed, S. (2020). Pilot study report 2020 : Assessing Early Years Schooling, Access and Student Outcomes (AESAS): Establishing routes for sustainable education in Pakistan and India

AESAS project is an opportunity for us to investigate the importance and function of school in children’s lives in the two largest regions of Punjab, Pakistan and State of Gujarat, India. AESAS is a comparative study of children’s learning outcomes i... Read More about Pilot study report 2020 : Assessing Early Years Schooling, Access and Student Outcomes (AESAS): Establishing routes for sustainable education in Pakistan and India.

Let's make education fairer (2019)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., See, B., Boliver, V., & Wardle, L. (2019). Let's make education fairer. Research intelligence, Autumn 2019(140), 12-13

Evaluation of the impact of Maths Counts delivered by teaching assistants on primary school pupils' attainment in maths (2019)
Journal Article
See, B. H., Morris, R., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2019). Evaluation of the impact of Maths Counts delivered by teaching assistants on primary school pupils' attainment in maths. Educational Research and Evaluation, 25(3-4), 203-224. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2019.1686031

This paper presents the findings of a 1-year efficacy trial of Maths Counts (MC), an intensive, individualised programme delivered by trained teaching assistants. The programme was delivered 3 times a week over 10 weeks. The sample included 291 Year... Read More about Evaluation of the impact of Maths Counts delivered by teaching assistants on primary school pupils' attainment in maths.

Using contextual data to widen access to higher education (2019)
Journal Article
Boliver, V., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2021). Using contextual data to widen access to higher education. Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 25(1), 7-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603108.2019.1678076

This paper reports on the findings of an ESRC funded project that contributes to the evidence base underpinning contextualised approaches to undergraduate admissions in England. We show that the bolder use of reduced entry requirements for disadvanta... Read More about Using contextual data to widen access to higher education.

The difficulties of judging what difference the Pupil Premium has made to school intakes and outcomes in England (2019)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2021). The difficulties of judging what difference the Pupil Premium has made to school intakes and outcomes in England. Research Papers in Education, 36(3), 355-379. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2019.1677759

Pupil Premium funding has been provided to schools in England since 2011, to help overcome socio-economic segregation between schools, and reduce the attainment gap between disadvantaged pupils and their peers – nationally, regionally, and within ind... Read More about The difficulties of judging what difference the Pupil Premium has made to school intakes and outcomes in England.

The ‘Write Across’ Project: Evaluation Report (2019)
Working Paper
Morris, R., See, B. H., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2019). The ‘Write Across’ Project: Evaluation Report

The Write Across project aimed to provide high-quality and ongoing professional development opportunities to teaching staff, focusing on pedagogical approaches and subject knowledge relating to writing composition and grammar. The National Literacy T... Read More about The ‘Write Across’ Project: Evaluation Report.

What do we know about children’s access to school and learning outcomes in Pakistan? Analysis of the risk factors to children’s proficiency in literacy and numeracy assessments (2019)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N. (2019). What do we know about children’s access to school and learning outcomes in Pakistan? Analysis of the risk factors to children’s proficiency in literacy and numeracy assessments. Journal of International Development, 31(8), 752-763. https://doi.org/10.1002/jid.3435

This paper discusses the research feasibility of Annual Status of Education Report (ASER), volunteering citizen-led social survey conducted in Pakistan. The paper presents a detailed commentary on the process of ASER data collection, discussing the s... Read More about What do we know about children’s access to school and learning outcomes in Pakistan? Analysis of the risk factors to children’s proficiency in literacy and numeracy assessments.

EasyPeasy: Learning through play. Evaluation Report (2019)
Report
Robinson-Smith, L., Menzies, V., Cramman, H., Wang, Y. (., Fairhurst, C., Hallett, S., …Siddiqui, N. (2019). EasyPeasy: Learning through play. Evaluation Report. [No known commissioning body]

Can learning beyond the classroom impact on social responsibility and academic attainment? An evaluation of the Children’s University youth social action programme (2019)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2019). Can learning beyond the classroom impact on social responsibility and academic attainment? An evaluation of the Children’s University youth social action programme. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 61, 74-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2019.03.004

Disadvantaged pupils in England tend to have lower average attainment than their peers. They are also less likely to be involved in wider learning and opportunities for experience beyond the classroom walls. Approaches which support learning activiti... Read More about Can learning beyond the classroom impact on social responsibility and academic attainment? An evaluation of the Children’s University youth social action programme.

How trajectories of disadvantage help explain school attainment (2019)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2019). How trajectories of disadvantage help explain school attainment. SAGE Open, 9(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018825171

This paper illustrates the links between different ways of assessing disadvantage at school and subsequent qualification outcomes at age 16 in England. Our previous work has compared variables that represent current or recent snapshots of disadvantag... Read More about How trajectories of disadvantage help explain school attainment.

Reliability of Longitudinal Social Surveys of Access to Higher Education: The Case of Next Steps in England (2019)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Boliver, V., & Gorard, S. (2019). Reliability of Longitudinal Social Surveys of Access to Higher Education: The Case of Next Steps in England. Social Inclusion, 7(1), 80-89. https://doi.org/10.17645/si.v7i1.1631

Longitudinal social surveys are widely used to understand which factors enable or constrain access to higher education. One such data resource is the Next Steps survey comprising an initial sample of 16,122 pupils aged 13–14 attending English state a... Read More about Reliability of Longitudinal Social Surveys of Access to Higher Education: The Case of Next Steps in England.

Religious and Race Hate Experience Survey: Report Findings (2019)
Report
Siddiqui, N., Towl, G., Matthewson, J., Stretesky, C., & Earnshaw, M. (2019). Religious and Race Hate Experience Survey: Report Findings

Widening participation, diversity and inclusion have become the main goals to achieve in the UK higher education expansion and widening participation agenda. In April 2018, the Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Unit was awarded £50,000 from the Offic... Read More about Religious and Race Hate Experience Survey: Report Findings.

There is only research: the liberating impact of just doing research (2018)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2018). There is only research: the liberating impact of just doing research. International journal of multiple research approaches, 10(1), 328-333. https://doi.org/10.29034/ijmra.v10n1a21

Based on reading a very large number of research reports, and conducting a wide range of different projects, this article illustrates a simple yet inclusive model of research. Research is considered as a cyclical activity with various designs and met... Read More about There is only research: the liberating impact of just doing research.

The importance of process evaluation for randomised control trials in education (2018)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2018). The importance of process evaluation for randomised control trials in education. Educational Research, 60(3), 357-370. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2018.1493349

Background: Educational interventions are often complex, and their outcomes could be due to factors not focused on in the impact evaluation. Therefore, educational evaluations using a randomised control trial (RCT) design approach need to go beyond o... Read More about The importance of process evaluation for randomised control trials in education.

A review of school-based interventions for the improvement of social emotional skills and wider outcomes of education (2018)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., & Ventista, O. (2018). A review of school-based interventions for the improvement of social emotional skills and wider outcomes of education. International Journal of Educational Research, 90, 117-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2018.06.003

This paper presents a review of interventions which have the evidence of impact on students’ non-cognitive skills. The review included 3000 studies out of which 138 studies were found relevant. Only 13 studies could be considered for the final result... Read More about A review of school-based interventions for the improvement of social emotional skills and wider outcomes of education.

Grammar schools in England: a new analysis of social segregation and academic outcomes (2018)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2018). Grammar schools in England: a new analysis of social segregation and academic outcomes. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 39(7), 909-924. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2018.1443432

The UK government is planning to increase the number of pupils attending state-funded selective grammar schools, claiming that this will assist overall standards, reduce the poverty attainment gap and so aid social mobility. Using the full 2015 cohor... Read More about Grammar schools in England: a new analysis of social segregation and academic outcomes.

Can programmes like Philosophy for Children help schools to look beyond academic attainment? (2017)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2019). Can programmes like Philosophy for Children help schools to look beyond academic attainment?. Educational Review, 71(2), 146-165. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2017.1400948

Schools are places where children can learn behaviour, skills and attitudes that have lifelong relevance. In England, despite the continuing emphasis on attainment, there are clear moves to consider also the wider and non-cognitive outcomes of school... Read More about Can programmes like Philosophy for Children help schools to look beyond academic attainment?.

Parental education as a determinant of school choice: A comparative study of school types in Pakistan (2017)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N. (2017). Parental education as a determinant of school choice: A comparative study of school types in Pakistan. Research in Education, 99(1), 3-18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0034523717725862

In Pakistan, school education is not compulsory for children and, therefore, sending a child to school is a matter of choice for parents. For those parents who choose school education for their children the options are government schools, private fee... Read More about Parental education as a determinant of school choice: A comparative study of school types in Pakistan.

How can we widen participation in higher education? The promise of contextualised admissions (2017)
Book Chapter
Boliver, V., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2017). How can we widen participation in higher education? The promise of contextualised admissions. In R. Deem, & H. Eggins (Eds.), The university as a critical institution? (95-110). Sense Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6351-116-2_6

Widening participation in higher education has been on the UK policy agenda for more than fifty years. Yet, despite some progress across the UK higher education sector overall (DfE, 2016), students from less socioeconomically advantaged backgrounds r... Read More about How can we widen participation in higher education? The promise of contextualised admissions.

An Analysis of School-Based Contextual Indicators for Possible Use in Widening Participation (2017)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & Boliver, V. (2017). An Analysis of School-Based Contextual Indicators for Possible Use in Widening Participation. Higher Education Studies, 7(2), Article 79. https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v7n2p79

This paper looks at the National Pupil Database for England in terms of variables that could be used by universities to help them assess undergraduate applications. Where a young person is obviously disadvantaged, this can be taken into account in co... Read More about An Analysis of School-Based Contextual Indicators for Possible Use in Widening Participation.

Can explicit teaching of knowledge improve reading attainment? An evaluation of the core knowledge curriculum (2017)
Journal Article
See, B., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2017). Can explicit teaching of knowledge improve reading attainment? An evaluation of the core knowledge curriculum. British Educational Research Journal, 43(2), 372-393. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3278

In England, as elsewhere, there is a tension in primary schools between imparting knowledge and teaching basic skills like literacy and numeracy. State-mandated programmes are generally concerned with structure and skills. However, a number of minist... Read More about Can explicit teaching of knowledge improve reading attainment? An evaluation of the core knowledge curriculum.

Which are the most suitable contextual indicators for use in widening participation to HE? (2017)
Working Paper
Gorard, S., Boliver, V., Siddiqui, N., Banerjee, P., & Morris, R. (2017). Which are the most suitable contextual indicators for use in widening participation to HE?

UK universities are increasingly making decisions about undergraduate admissions with reference to various contextual indicators which are intended to identify whether or not an applicant comes from a disadvantaged family, neighbourhood or school env... Read More about Which are the most suitable contextual indicators for use in widening participation to HE?.

Comparing government and private schools in Pakistan: the way forward for universal education (2017)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., & Gorard, S. (2017). Comparing government and private schools in Pakistan: the way forward for universal education. International Journal of Educational Research, 82, 159-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2017.01.007

This paper presents an analysis of children’s proficiency in English, reading and maths on the basis of a citizen-led household survey run by the Annual Statistics of Education Report (ASER) in Pakistan in 2014. Our main analysis involves a sub-group... Read More about Comparing government and private schools in Pakistan: the way forward for universal education.

Socio-economic segregation of disadvantaged children between schools in Pakistan: comparing the state and private sector (2017)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N. (2017). Socio-economic segregation of disadvantaged children between schools in Pakistan: comparing the state and private sector. Educational Studies, 43(4), 391-409. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2016.1277139

The distribution of children in different school-types and regions in Pakistan suggests that access and opportunities in education are not evenly accessible for many children. Segregation at school level is an important concern for equity and social... Read More about Socio-economic segregation of disadvantaged children between schools in Pakistan: comparing the state and private sector.

An analysis of contextual and other indicators of HE students for possible use in widening participation (2017)
Working Paper
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & Boliver, V. (2017). An analysis of contextual and other indicators of HE students for possible use in widening participation

This paper looks at the HESA statistics for all students at university at HEIs in England from 2008/9 to 2011/12, linked to the National Pupil Database (NPD), with records for all pupils in England who ended Key Stage 4 (KS4) in 2006.This limits the... Read More about An analysis of contextual and other indicators of HE students for possible use in widening participation.

Non-cognitive impacts of Philosophy for Children (2017)
Report
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2017). Non-cognitive impacts of Philosophy for Children. [No known commissioning body]

Schools are places where children can learn behaviour, skills and attitudes that have lifelong relevance, in addition to the formal curriculum of subjects. In England, despite a continuing emphasis on attainment, there are clear moves to consider als... Read More about Non-cognitive impacts of Philosophy for Children.

Can ‘Philosophy for Children’ improve primary school attainment? (2016)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2017). Can ‘Philosophy for Children’ improve primary school attainment?. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 51(1), 5-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9752.12227

There are tensions within formal education between imparting knowledge and the development of skills for handling that knowledge. In the primary school sector, the latter can also be squeezed out of the curriculum by a focus on basic skills such as l... Read More about Can ‘Philosophy for Children’ improve primary school attainment?.

Grammar schools in England: a new approach to analysing their intakes and outcomes (2016)
Report
Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2016). Grammar schools in England: a new approach to analysing their intakes and outcomes. [No known commissioning body]

This paper forms part of a larger investigation of indicators of disadvantage and how they may be improved or supplemented in order to track school intakes and results better. Here our evolving dataset based on the National Pupil Database in England... Read More about Grammar schools in England: a new approach to analysing their intakes and outcomes.

What works and what fails? Evidence from seven popular literacy ‘catch-up’ schemes for the transition to secondary school in England (2016)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2017). What works and what fails? Evidence from seven popular literacy ‘catch-up’ schemes for the transition to secondary school in England. Research Papers in Education, 32(5), 626-648. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2016.1225811

There are concerns that too many young people, from disadvantaged backgrounds, are moving into secondary education in the UK, and elsewhere, without the necessary literacy skills to make progress with the wider secondary school curriculum. A large nu... Read More about What works and what fails? Evidence from seven popular literacy ‘catch-up’ schemes for the transition to secondary school in England.

Which school interventions are beneficial for the development of non-cognitive skills of primary school students? A review of existing evidence (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Ventista, O., & Siddiqui, N. (2016, August). Which school interventions are beneficial for the development of non-cognitive skills of primary school students? A review of existing evidence. Paper presented at The European Conference of Educational Research (ECER) 2016, Leading Education: The Distinct Contributions of Educational Research and Researchers., Dublin, Ireland

The impact of school interventions on attainment –and particularly on Reading and Mathematics - is the focus of educational policies and educational research. However, it can be questioned whether this type of knowledge is indeed important for the la... Read More about Which school interventions are beneficial for the development of non-cognitive skills of primary school students? A review of existing evidence.

An evaluation of Fresh Start as a catch-up intervention: A trial conducted by teachers (2016)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2016). An evaluation of Fresh Start as a catch-up intervention: A trial conducted by teachers. Educational Studies, 42(1), 98-113. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2016.1148587

This paper describes a randomised controlled trial conducted with 10 secondary schools in England to evaluate the impact and feasibility of Fresh Start as an intervention to help new entrants with low prior literacy. Fresh Start is a synthetic phonic... Read More about An evaluation of Fresh Start as a catch-up intervention: A trial conducted by teachers.

Philosophy for Children: SAPERE, Evaluation Report and Executive Summary, EEF (2015)
Report
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2015). Philosophy for Children: SAPERE, Evaluation Report and Executive Summary, EEF. [No known commissioning body]

This study is an independent evaluation of the intervention called ‘Philosophy for Children’ (P4C). The aim of evaluation was to investigate the impact of P4C on year 6 pupils’ academic attainment after a yearlong practice of intervention in the prim... Read More about Philosophy for Children: SAPERE, Evaluation Report and Executive Summary, EEF.

Evaluation of the Curriculum Centre Word and World Reading programme. (2015)
Report
See, B., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2015). Evaluation of the Curriculum Centre Word and World Reading programme. [No known commissioning body]

The Word and World Reading programmeintended to improve the reading comprehension and wider literacy skills of children aged 7-9 in primary schools from low income families in England. The programme was implemented with 659 of 1,340 pupils (in 8 out... Read More about Evaluation of the Curriculum Centre Word and World Reading programme..

Best practice in conducting RCTs: Lessons learnt from an independent evaluation of the Response-to-Intervention programme (2015)
Journal Article
See, B., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2015). Best practice in conducting RCTs: Lessons learnt from an independent evaluation of the Response-to-Intervention programme. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 47, 83-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2015.09.003

This paper presents the findings of the first independent UK evaluation of a large-scale randomised controlled trial of Response-to-Intervention, used as a catch-up literacy intervention. A total of 385 pupils in their final year of primary school (Y... Read More about Best practice in conducting RCTs: Lessons learnt from an independent evaluation of the Response-to-Intervention programme.

Will the Use of Contextual Indicators Make UK Higher Education Admissions Fairer? (2015)
Journal Article
Boliver, V., Gorard, S., & Siddiqui, N. (2015). Will the Use of Contextual Indicators Make UK Higher Education Admissions Fairer?. Education Sciences, 5(4), 306-322. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci5040306

In the UK, as elsewhere, the use of ‘contextual’ data has been strongly advocated in order to inform undergraduate admissions decision-making. More than a third of UK universities currently take the socioeconomic or other background context of underg... Read More about Will the Use of Contextual Indicators Make UK Higher Education Admissions Fairer?.

How effective is a summer school for catch-up attainment in English and maths? (2015)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2015). How effective is a summer school for catch-up attainment in English and maths?. International Journal of Educational Research, 73, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2015.07.003

The current study is an efficacy trial of a summer school programme, targeted at literacy and numeracy catch-up for pupils in years 5 and 6. During the summer holidays the intervention provided extra schooling in English and maths along with a wide v... Read More about How effective is a summer school for catch-up attainment in English and maths?.

Accelerated Reader as a literacy catch-up intervention during primary to secondary school transition phase (2015)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2015). Accelerated Reader as a literacy catch-up intervention during primary to secondary school transition phase. Educational Review, 68(2), 139-154. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2015.1067883

This paper describes an evaluation of an internet-based reading programme called Accelerated Reader (AR), which is widely used in UK schools and worldwide. AR is a whole-group reading management and monitoring programme that aims to stimulate the hab... Read More about Accelerated Reader as a literacy catch-up intervention during primary to secondary school transition phase.

An Evaluation of the ‘Switch-on Reading’ Literacy Catch-up Programme (2014)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Siddiqui, N., & See, B. (2015). An Evaluation of the ‘Switch-on Reading’ Literacy Catch-up Programme. British Educational Research Journal, 41(4), 596-612. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3157

This paper is based on one of the first completed studies funded by the Educational Endowment Foundation (EEF). EEF was set up in response to repeated demands for clearer evidence on school improvement. The paper presents the results of an intensive... Read More about An Evaluation of the ‘Switch-on Reading’ Literacy Catch-up Programme.

Is a summer school programme a promising intervention in preparation for transition from primary to secondary school? (2014)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. (2014). Is a summer school programme a promising intervention in preparation for transition from primary to secondary school?. International Education Studies, 7(7), 125-135. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v7n7p125

In England, some children have not reached what are considered to be expected levels in literacy and maths by the time they move from primary to secondary school. This is more likely for children living in disadvantaged areas. One proposal to address... Read More about Is a summer school programme a promising intervention in preparation for transition from primary to secondary school?.

Women's magazines in Asian and Middle Eastern countries (2014)
Journal Article
Siddiqui, N. (2014). Women's magazines in Asian and Middle Eastern countries. South Asian Popular Culture, 12(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/14746689.2014.879423

This article provides an overarching view of research available in the field of women's magazines and popular media in Asian and Middle Eastern countries. One of the common themes of research is the influence of western media on the other cultural me... Read More about Women's magazines in Asian and Middle Eastern countries.

A Randomised Controlled Trial (or ‘Fair Test’): Evaluating an Educational Innovation. (2013)
Digital Artefact
Gorard, S., See, B., & Siddiqui, N. (2013). A Randomised Controlled Trial (or ‘Fair Test’): Evaluating an Educational Innovation. [[Media unknown]]

This case describes a current evaluation of an educational intervention to help disadvantaged children catch up in literacy at around the time they transfer to their senior school. The evaluation is based on a randomised controlled trial design, whic... Read More about A Randomised Controlled Trial (or ‘Fair Test’): Evaluating an Educational Innovation..

How stable are 'school effects' assessed by a value-added technique? (2013)
Journal Article
Gorard, S., Hordosy, R., & Siddiqui, N. (2013). How stable are 'school effects' assessed by a value-added technique?. International Education Studies, 6(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v6n1p1

This paper re-considers the widespread use of value-added approaches to estimate school ‘effects’, and shows the results to be very unstable over time. The paper uses as an example the contextualised value-added scores of all secondary schools in Eng... Read More about How stable are 'school effects' assessed by a value-added technique?.