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Recent Advances in Non‐Ti MXenes: Synthesis, Properties, and Novel Applications

Khan, Karim; Tareen, Ayesha Khan; Ahmad, Waqas; Hussain, Iftikhar; Chaudhry, Mujeeb U.; Mahmood, Asif; Khan, Muhammad Farooq; Zhang, Han; Xie, Zhongjian

Recent Advances in Non‐Ti MXenes: Synthesis, Properties, and Novel Applications Thumbnail


Karim Khan

Ayesha Khan Tareen

Waqas Ahmad

Iftikhar Hussain

Asif Mahmood

Muhammad Farooq Khan

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Han Zhang
Post Doctoral Research Associate

Zhongjian Xie


One of the most fascinating 2D nanomaterials (NMs) ever found is various members of MXene family. Among them, the titanium‐based MXenes, with more than 70% of publication‐related investigations, are comparatively well studied, producing fundamental foundation for the 2D MXene family members with flexible properties, familiar with a variety of advanced novel technological applications. Nonetheless, there are still more candidates among transitional metals (TMs) that can function as MXene NMs in ways that go well beyond those that are now recognized. Systematized details of the preparations, characteristics, limitations, significant discoveries, and uses of the novel M‐based MXenes (M‐MXenes), where M stands for non‐Ti TMs (M = Sc, V, Cr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, W, and Lu), are given. The exceptional qualities of the 2D non‐Ti MXene outperform standard Ti‐MXene in several applications. There is many advancement in top‐down as well as bottom‐up production of MXenes family members, which allows for exact control of the M‐characteristics MXene NMs to contain cutting‐edge applications. This study offers a systematic evaluation of existing research, covering everything in producing complex M‐MXenes from primary limitations to the characterization and selection of their applications in accordance with their novel features. The development of double metal combinations, extension of additional metal candidates beyond group‐(III–VI)B family, and subsequent development of the 2D TM carbide/TMs nitride/TM carbonitrides to 2D metal boride family are also included in this overview. The possibilities and further recommendations for the way of non‐Ti MXene NMs are in the synthesis of NMs will discuss in detail in this critical evaluation.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 1, 2024
Online Publication Date Jun 18, 2024
Publication Date Jun 18, 2024
Deposit Date Jul 3, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jul 3, 2024
Journal Advanced Science
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 2303998
Keywords synthesis of non‐Ti MXenes, non‐Ti MXenes, properties of non‐Ti MXenes, M‐based MXenes, 2D nanomaterials
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