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The Socialisation of Pride in Young Children

Reissland, N



A total of 40 target children, ranging in age from 10 months to 4 years 10 months (mean age 31 months) and their mothers, took part in a study, involving a game of ''feeding fish'' with different sized marbles in order to test the relation between maternal praise and performance in children. The mothers and children were videotaped in their homes. It was established that children improved their performance on the task as they grew older, that at a mean age of 35.1 months they smiled selectively more often when performing at their higher levels of capability and that mothers praised the highest level of performance relatively more often than lower levels of performance. Furthermore, mothers praise directed to younger children included reference to the person and the performance of the actor. Praise directed toward older children, however, included only reference to the performance of the child. The implications of these observations for the socialisation of pride are discussed.


Reissland, N. (1994). The Socialisation of Pride in Young Children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 17(3), 541-552.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 1994-09
Journal International Journal of Behavioral Development
Print ISSN 0165-0254
Electronic ISSN 1464-0651
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 3
Pages 541-552