Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

An indicator of the impact of climatic change on European bird populations

Gregory, R.D.; Willis, S.G.; Jiguet, F.; Voříšek, P.; Klvaňová, A.; van Strien, A.; Huntley, B.; Collingham, Y.C.; Couvet, D.; Green, R.E.

An indicator of the impact of climatic change on European bird populations Thumbnail


R.D. Gregory

F. Jiguet

P. Voříšek

A. Klvaňová

A. van Strien

B. Huntley

Y.C. Collingham

D. Couvet

R.E. Green


Rapid climatic change poses a threat to global biodiversity. There is extensive evidence that recent climatic change has affected animal and plant populations, but no indicators exist that summarise impacts over many species and large areas. We use data on long-term population trends of European birds to develop such an indicator. We find a significant relationship between interspecific variation in population trend and the change in potential range extent between the late 20th and late 21st centuries, forecasted by climatic envelope models. Our indicator measures divergence in population trend between bird species predicted by climatic envelope models to be favourably affected by climatic change and those adversely affected. The indicator shows a rapid increase in the past twenty years, coinciding with a period of rapid warming.


Gregory, R., Willis, S., Jiguet, F., Voříšek, P., Klvaňová, A., van Strien, A., …Green, R. (2009). An indicator of the impact of climatic change on European bird populations. PLoS ONE, 4(3), Article e4678.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2009
Deposit Date Jan 25, 2012
Publicly Available Date Jan 27, 2012
Journal PLoS ONE
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 3
Article Number e4678


Published Journal Article (181 Kb)

Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement
Copyright: © 2009 Gregory et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

You might also like

Downloadable Citations