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Nonlinear structure formation in the cubic Galileon gravity model

Barreira, A.; Li, B.; Hellwing, W.A.; Baugh, C.M.; Pascoli, S.

Authors

A. Barreira

W.A. Hellwing

S. Pascoli



Abstract

We model the linear and nonlinear growth of large scale structure in the Cubic Galileon gravity model, by running a suite of N-body cosmological simulations using the ECOSMOG code. Our simulations include the Vainshtein screening effect, which reconciles the Cubic Galileon model with local tests of gravity. In the linear regime, the amplitude of the matter power spectrum increases by ~ 20% with respect to the standard ΛCDM model today. The modified expansion rate accounts for ~ 15% of this enhancement, while the fifth force is responsible for only ~ 5%. This is because the effective unscreened gravitational strength deviates from standard gravity only at late times, even though it can be twice as large today. In the nonlinear regime (kgtrsim0.1h Mpc−1), the fifth force leads to only a modest increase (lesssim8%) in the clustering power on all scales due to the very efficient operation of the Vainshtein mechanism. Such a strong effect is typically not seen in other models with the same screening mechanism. The screening also results in the fifth force increasing the number density of halos by less than 10%, on all mass scales. Our results show that the screening does not ruin the validity of linear theory on large scales which anticipates very strong constraints from galaxy clustering data. We also show that, whilst the model gives an excellent match to CMB data on small angular scales (lgtrsim50), the predicted integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect is in tension with Planck/WMAP results.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 15, 2013
Deposit Date Nov 7, 2013
Publicly Available Date May 8, 2014
Journal Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2013
Issue 10
Article Number 027
DOI https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2013/10/027
Keywords Modified gravity, Power spectrum, Cosmological simulations, Dark energy theory.
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1467310

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