The critical current density of grain boundary channels in polycrystalline HTS and LTS superconductors in magnetic fields
Sunwong, P.; Higgins, J.S.; Tsui, Y.; Raine, M.J.; Hampshire, D.P.
Dr Mark Raine firstname.lastname@example.org
Chief Experimental Officer
Professor Damian Hampshire email@example.com
We provide evidence that a single mechanism—flux flow along channels—can explain the functional form of the critical current density (Jc) in the low-temperature superconductor Nb3Sn and in the high-temperature superconductors (HTS) YBa2Cu3O7−δ (YBCO) and (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Can−1CunOx (BiSCCO) in low and high magnetic fields. In this paper, we show that standard flux pinning theories, used for the past four decades to describe Jc in low-temperature superconductors (LTS), cannot explain the strain dependence of Jc in YBCO because Jc is a function of strain but the average superconducting properties are not. We conclude that in the polycrystalline samples presented here, the channels are grain boundaries that are narrow and metallic in Nb3Sn and YBCO but wide and semiconducting in BiSCCO. In Nb3Sn, strain alters Jc by changing the superconducting properties of the grains, whereas in YBCO, strain alters Jc by changing the properties of the grain boundaries.
Sunwong, P., Higgins, J., Tsui, Y., Raine, M., & Hampshire, D. (2013). The critical current density of grain boundary channels in polycrystalline HTS and LTS superconductors in magnetic fields. Superconductor Science and Technology, 26(9), Article 095006. https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/26/9/095006
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Sep 1, 2013|
|Deposit Date||Sep 17, 2013|
|Publicly Available Date||Dec 16, 2014|
|Journal||Superconductor Science and Technology|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Accepted Journal Article
© 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd. This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in Superconductor science and technology. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/26/9/095006.
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