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Some fundamental aspects of modelling auxin patterning in the context of auxin-ethylene-cytokinin crosstalk

Moore, S.; Zhang, X.; Liu, J.; Lindsey, K.

Some fundamental aspects of modelling auxin patterning in the context of auxin-ethylene-cytokinin crosstalk Thumbnail


Authors

S. Moore

X. Zhang



Abstract

The activities of hormones in the Arabidopsis root depend on cellular context and exhibit either synergistic or antagonistic interactions. Patterning in Arabidopsis root development is coordinated via a localized auxin concentration maximum in the root tip, mediating transcription of key regulatory genes. Auxin concentration and response are each regulated by diverse interacting hormones and gene expression and therefore cannot change independently of those hormones and genes. For example, experimental data accumulated over many years have shown that both ethylene and cytokinin regulate auxin concentration and response. Using the crosstalk of auxin-ethylene-cytokinin as a paradigm, we discuss the links between experimental data, reaction kinetics and spatiotemporal modelling to dissect hormonal crosstalk. In particular, we discuss how kinetic equations for modelling auxin concentration are formulated based on experimental data and also the underlying assumptions for deriving those kinetic equations. Furthermore, we show that, by integrating kinetic equations with spatial root structure, modelling of spatiotemporal hormonal crosstalk is a powerful tool for analysing and predicting the roles of multiple hormone interactions in auxin patterning. Finally, we summarise important considerations in developing a spatiotemporal hormonal crosstalk model for plant root development.

Citation

Moore, S., Zhang, X., Liu, J., & Lindsey, K. (2015). Some fundamental aspects of modelling auxin patterning in the context of auxin-ethylene-cytokinin crosstalk. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 10(10), Article e1056424. https://doi.org/10.1080/15592324.2015.1056424

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 26, 2015
Publication Date Oct 1, 2015
Deposit Date May 28, 2015
Publicly Available Date Aug 3, 2016
Journal Plant Signaling & Behavior
Print ISSN 1559-2316
Publisher Taylor and Francis Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 10
Article Number e1056424
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/15592324.2015.1056424
Keywords Hormonal crosstalk, Reaction kinetics, Transcriptional regulation, Metabolic regulation mathematical modelling, Auxin biosynthesis and degradation, Auxin transport, Auxin patterning, Root development.

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