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Assessing species vulnerability to climate change

Pacifici, M.; Foden, W.B.; Visconti, P.; Watson, J.E.M.; Butchart, S.H.M.; Kovacs, K.M.; Scheffers, B.R.; Hole, D.G.; Martin, T.G.; Akçakaya, H.R.; Corlett, R.T.; Huntley, B.; Bickford, D.; Carr, J.A.; Hoffmann, A.A.; Midgley, G.F.; Pearce-Kelly, P.; Pearson, R.G.; Williams, S.E.; Willis, S.G.; Young, B.; Rondinini, C.

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M. Pacifici

W.B. Foden

P. Visconti

J.E.M. Watson

S.H.M. Butchart

K.M. Kovacs

B.R. Scheffers

D.G. Hole

T.G. Martin

H.R. Akçakaya

R.T. Corlett

B. Huntley

D. Bickford

J.A. Carr

A.A. Hoffmann

G.F. Midgley

P. Pearce-Kelly

R.G. Pearson

S.E. Williams

B. Young

C. Rondinini


The effects of climate change on biodiversity are increasingly well documented, and many methods have been developed to assess species' vulnerability to climatic changes, both ongoing and projected in the coming decades. To minimize global biodiversity losses, conservationists need to identify those species that are likely to be most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. In this Review, we summarize different currencies used for assessing species' climate change vulnerability. We describe three main approaches used to derive these currencies (correlative, mechanistic and trait-based), and their associated data requirements, spatial and temporal scales of application and modelling methods. We identify strengths and weaknesses of the approaches and highlight the sources of uncertainty inherent in each method that limit projection reliability. Finally, we provide guidance for conservation practitioners in selecting the most appropriate approach(es) for their planning needs and highlight priority areas for further assessments.


Pacifici, M., Foden, W., Visconti, P., Watson, J., Butchart, S., Kovacs, K., …Rondinini, C. (2015). Assessing species vulnerability to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 5, 215-225.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2015
Deposit Date Feb 25, 2015
Publicly Available Date Mar 18, 2015
Journal Nature climate change.
Print ISSN 1758-678X
Electronic ISSN 1758-6798
Publisher Nature Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Pages 215-225


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