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Bioinspired Synthesis of Monolithic and Layered Aerogels

Han, Xiao; Hassan, Khalil T.; Harvey, Alan; Kulijer, Dejan; Oila, Adrian; Hunt, Michael R.C.; Siller, Lidija

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Xiao Han

Khalil T. Hassan

Alan Harvey

Dejan Kulijer

Adrian Oila

Lidija Siller


Aerogels are the least dense and most porous materials known to man, with potential applications from lightweight superinsulators to smart energy materials. To date their use has been seriously hampered by their synthesis methods, which are laborious and expensive. Taking inspiration from the life cycle of the damselfly, a novel ambient pressure‐drying approach is demonstrated in which instead of employing low‐surface‐tension organic solvents to prevent pore collapse during drying, sodium bicarbonate solution is used to generate pore‐supporting carbon dioxide in situ, significantly reducing energy, time, and cost in aerogel production. The generic applicability of this readily scalable new approach is demonstrated through the production of granules, monoliths, and layered solids with a number of precursor materials.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 7, 2018
Online Publication Date Apr 25, 2018
Publication Date Jun 1, 2018
Deposit Date Apr 16, 2018
Publicly Available Date Apr 17, 2018
Journal Advanced Materials
Print ISSN 0935-9648
Electronic ISSN 1521-4095
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Issue 23
Article Number 1706294
Public URL


Accepted Journal Article (891 Kb)

Copyright Statement
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Han, Xiao, Hassan, Khalil T., Harvey, Alan, Kulijer, Dejan, Oila, Adrian, Hunt, Michael R.C. & Siller, Lidija (2018). Bioinspired Synthesis of Monolithic and Layered Aerogels. Advanced Materials, 30(23): 1706294, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley-VCH Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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