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Heat Stress Triggers Differential Protein Accumulation in the Extracellular Matrix of Sorghum Cell Suspension Cultures

Ngcala, Mamosa G.; Goche, Tatenda; Brown, Adrian P.; Chivasa, Stephen; Ngara, Rudo

Heat Stress Triggers Differential Protein Accumulation in the Extracellular Matrix of Sorghum Cell Suspension Cultures Thumbnail


Authors

Mamosa G. Ngcala

Rudo Ngara



Abstract

Plants reprogram gene expression as an adaptive response to survive high temperatures. While the identity and functions of intracellular heat stress-responsive proteins have been extensively studied, the heat response of proteins secreted to the extracellular matrix is unknown. Here, we used Sorghum bicolor, a species adapted for growth in hot climates, to investigate the extracellular heat-induced responses. When exposed to 40 C for 72 h, heat-sensitive Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures died, while ICSB338 sorghum cell cultures survived by activation of a transcriptional response characterized by the induction of HSP70 and HSP90 genes. Quantitative proteomic analysis of proteins recovered from cell culture medium revealed specific heat stress-induced protein accumulation within the sorghum secretome. Of the 265 secreted proteins identified, 31 responded to heat (2-fold change), with 84% possessing a predicted signal peptide for targeting to the classical secretory pathway. The differentially accumulated proteins have putative functions in metabolism, detoxification, and protein modifications. A germin (SORBI_3003G427700) was highly heat-inducible at both protein and gene level. Overall, our study reveals new insights into sorghum responses to heat and provides a useful resource of extracellular proteins that could serve as targets for developing thermotolerant crops. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD021536.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 19, 2020
Online Publication Date Oct 22, 2020
Publication Date 2020-12
Deposit Date Oct 28, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 28, 2020
Journal Proteomes
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 4
Article Number 29
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/proteomes8040029
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1288348

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