Quasi-periodic dipping in the ultraluminous X-ray source, NGC 247 ULX-1
Alston, W.N.; Pinto, C.; Barret, D.; D'Ai, A.; Del Santo, M.; Earnshaw, H.; Fabian, A.C.; Fuerst, F.; Kara, E.; Kosec, P.; Middleton, M.J.; Parker, M.L.; Pintore, F.; Robba, A.; Roberts, T.P.; Sathyaprakash, R.; Walton, D.; Ambrosi, E.
M. Del Santo
Professor Tim Roberts firstname.lastname@example.org
Most ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) are believed to be stellar mass black holes or neutron stars accreting beyond the Eddington limit. Determining the nature of the compact object and the accretion mode from broad-band spectroscopy is currently a challenge, but the observed timing properties provide insight into the compact object and details of the geometry and accretion processes. Here, we report a timing analysis for an 800 ks XMM–Newton campaign on the supersoft ultraluminous X-ray source, NGC 247 ULX-1. Deep and frequent dips occur in the X-ray light curve, with the amplitude increasing with increasing energy band. Power spectra and coherence analysis reveals the dipping preferentially occurs on ∼5 and ∼10 ks time-scales. The dips can be caused by either the occultation of the central X-ray source by an optically thick structure, such as warping of the accretion disc, or from obscuration by a wind launched from the accretion disc, or both. This behaviour supports the idea that supersoft ULXs are viewed close to edge-on to the accretion disc.
Alston, W., Pinto, C., Barret, D., D'Ai, A., Del Santo, M., Earnshaw, H., …Ambrosi, E. (2021). Quasi-periodic dipping in the ultraluminous X-ray source, NGC 247 ULX-1. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 505(3), 3722-3729. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab1473
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||May 18, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||May 25, 2021|
|Deposit Date||May 26, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Nov 16, 2021|
|Journal||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Publisher||Royal Astronomical Society|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Related Public URLs||https://arxiv.org/pdf/2104.11163.pdf|
Published Journal Article
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ©: 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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