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Navy victuallers and the rise of Cheshire cheese

Atkins, Peter J.

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Peter J. Atkins


In the 1990s Charles Foster claimed that a commercial Cheshire cheese trade began in 1650, the year when the first coastwise cargo from Chester was recorded in the London port books. One purpose of this research note is to embellish Foster's claim by suggesting that an even greater influence on this trade was the adoption from the early 1840s by England's state-appointed victuallers of Cheshire cheese as one of their standard commodities. They then supplied it in bulk to the navy and also to army garrisons in theatres of war such as Ireland and Scotland. The victualler who played the principal role in this provisioning from the 1640s to the 1670s was Denis Gauden. His career is followed, and his final downfall, which was caused by inadequate and chaotic government financial systems.


Atkins, P. J. (2022). Navy victuallers and the rise of Cheshire cheese. International Journal of Maritime History, 34(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 28, 2022
Online Publication Date Mar 1, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date May 30, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 30, 2022
Journal International Journal of Maritime History
Print ISSN 0843-8714
Electronic ISSN 2052-7756
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 34
Issue 1


Published Journal Article (467 Kb)

Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (

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