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Fluvial processes and landforms

Ferguson, Robert I.; Lewin, John; Hardy, Richard J.

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Robert I. Ferguson

John Lewin


The period 1965–2000 saw a sustained increase in research and publications on fluvial processes and landforms. The trend towards generalization and/or mechanistic understanding, rather than site-specific history, continued. Research was multidisciplinary, with important contributions from hydraulic engineers, geologists and physical geographers and from experimental and theoretical approaches as well as geomorphological and sedimentological fieldwork. Rapidly increasing computer power underpinned new measurement methods, and greatly increased the scope of data analysis and numerical modelling. There were major advances in understanding the interaction of river process and form at reach scale, with growing recognition of differences between sand-bed and coarse-bed rivers. Field studies outside Europe and North America led to greater awareness of the diversity of river planforms and depositional landforms. Conceptual models of how rivers respond to natural or anthropogenic change in boundary conditions at different timescales were refined, taking advantage of studies of the response to land-use change, major floods and volcanic eruptions. The dating of sediments allowed greater appreciation of fluctuations in the incidence of extreme driving events over centuries and thousands of years. Towards the end of this period, research on bedrock rivers began to take off.


Ferguson, R. I., Lewin, J., & Hardy, R. J. (2022). Fluvial processes and landforms. Memoirs, 58(1), 257-270.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 17, 2021
Online Publication Date Oct 14, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Apr 5, 2023
Publicly Available Date May 31, 2023
Journal Geological Society, London, Memoirs
Print ISSN 0435-4052
Electronic ISSN 2041-4722
Publisher The Geological Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 58
Issue 1
Pages 257-270


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Copyright Statement
Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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