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Ultra-Miniaturized Dual-Band Implantable Antenna for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy

Alshammari, Abdullah; Iqbal, Amjad; Basir, Abdul; Simorangkir, Roy B. V. B.; Mabrouk, Ismail Ben

Ultra-Miniaturized Dual-Band Implantable Antenna for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy Thumbnail


Authors

Abdul Basir



Abstract

This study introduces a small dual-band implantable antenna designed for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy (WCE). This antenna operates in the Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) 1.4 GHz as well as the Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) 2.45 GHz bands. The designed antenna achieves miniaturization by employing open-ended slots, shorting pins, and arc-shaped slots on the radiating patch. The final structure has a compact size of 8.2 x 8.2 x 0.635 mm 3 . Homogeneous muscle and heterogeneous human phantoms are used to analyze the antenna’s behavior. The measurements are conducted by implanting the WCE device within minced pork meat. Considering the capsule’s deep location, the proposed antenna achieves gain values of -29.4 dBi at 1.4 GHz and -30.4 dBi at 2.45 GHz, respectively. The measured impedance bandwidths are 7.2 % and 4.2 % at 1.4 GHz and 2.45 GHz, respectively. Results suggest that the proposed antenna can reliably establish wireless communication at distances greater than 10 meters with a 10 dB margin for both frequencies. The 10-g specific absorption rate (SAR) values are 4.77 W/kg and 6.07 W/kg at 1.4 GHz and 2.45 GHz, respectively.

Citation

Alshammari, A., Iqbal, A., Basir, A., Simorangkir, R. B. V. B., & Mabrouk, I. B. (2024). Ultra-Miniaturized Dual-Band Implantable Antenna for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy. IEEE Sensors Journal, 24(9), 15210-15218. https://doi.org/10.1109/jsen.2024.3374817

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 6, 2024
Online Publication Date Mar 18, 2024
Publication Date May 1, 2024
Deposit Date Mar 20, 2024
Publicly Available Date May 8, 2024
Journal IEEE Sensors Journal
Print ISSN 1530-437X
Electronic ISSN 1558-1748
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 9
Pages 15210-15218
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/jsen.2024.3374817
Keywords Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Instrumentation
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/2334336

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