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Power law creep and delayed failure of gels and fibrous materials under stress

Lockwood, Henry A.; Agar, Molly H.; Fielding, Suzanne M.

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Authors

Henry A. Lockwood

Molly H. Agar



Abstract

Motivated by recent experiments studying the creep and breakup of a protein gel under stress, we introduce a simple mesoscopic model for the irreversible failure of gels and fibrous materials, and demonstrate it to capture much of the phenomenology seen experimentally. This includes a primary creep regime in which the shear rate decreases as a power law over several decades of time, a secondary crossover regime in which the shear rate attains a minimum, and a tertiary regime in which the shear rate increases dramatically up to a finite time singularity, signifying irreversible material failure. The model also captures a linear Monkman–Grant scaling of the failure time with the earlier time at which the shear rate attained its minimum, and a Basquin-like power law scaling of the failure time with imposed stress, as seen experimentally. The model furthermore predicts a slow accumulation of low levels of material damage during primary creep, followed by the growth of fractures leading to sudden material failure, as seen experimentally.

Citation

Lockwood, H. A., Agar, M. H., & Fielding, S. M. (2024). Power law creep and delayed failure of gels and fibrous materials under stress. Soft Matter, 20(11), 2474-2479. https://doi.org/10.1039/d3sm01608k

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 14, 2024
Online Publication Date Feb 22, 2024
Publication Date Mar 21, 2024
Deposit Date Mar 28, 2024
Publicly Available Date Mar 28, 2024
Journal Soft Matter
Print ISSN 1744-683X
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 11
Pages 2474-2479
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/d3sm01608k
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/2276116

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