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A Comparative Study Data on Early-Years Education of Children in India and Pakistan, 2020-2021

Siddiqui, Nadia; Huo, Guanyu; Gorard, Stephen; Dixon, Pauline; See, Benghuat; Bulsari, Smruti; Pandya, Keeran


Guanyu Huo
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Pauline Dixon

Smruti Bulsari

Keeran Pandya


School enrolment of around 80% in India and Pakistan is lower than targets associated with Sustainable Development Goal 4 and functional levels of literacy and numeracy are inadequate even for many young children who are enrolled in school. This project, based on 1,500 young children from one province in Pakistan and one state in India, seeks to examine patterns of enrolment of children and school readiness by socio-economic group, family background, urban / rural locations and individual characteristics such as gender, disability and health. Attendance and progress at school will be analysed over one year, demonstrating how much of a difference school attendance can make to children’s cognitive development and health outcomes. The project aims to collect in-depth information from families and communities on their views of schools and any barriers to attendance, and conduct a systematic review of the evidence. The findings are expected to have policy implications on school enrolment, attendance and retention. The team's final project report was published on 20 September 2022, and a foreword has been authored by Ziauddin Yousafzai (Malala Yousafzai’s father).


Siddiqui, N., Huo, G., Gorard, S., Dixon, P., See, B., Bulsari, S., & Pandya, K. (2023). A Comparative Study Data on Early-Years Education of Children in India and Pakistan, 2020-2021. [Dataset]

Online Publication Date Dec 19, 2023
Publication Date Dec 17, 2023
Deposit Date Dec 25, 2023
Keywords Early Childhood Education, School impact, Pakistan, India
Public URL
Publisher URL
Type of Data Children's learning assessment; household information, parent survey
Collection Date May 11, 2021