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A Sequential Cross-Sectional Analysis Producing Robust Weekly COVID-19 Rates for South East Asian Countries

Almohaimeed, Amani; Einbeck, Jochen

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Authors

Amani Almohaimeed



Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has expanded fast over the world, affecting millions of people and generating serious health, social, and economic consequences. All South East Asian countries have experienced the pandemic, with various degrees of intensity and response. As the pandemic progresses, it is important to track and analyse disease trends and patterns to guide public health policy and treatments. In this paper, we carry out a sequential cross-sectional study to produce reliable weekly COVID-19 death (out of cases) rates for South East Asian countries for the calendar years 2020, 2021, and 2022. The main objectives of this study are to characterise the trends and patterns of COVID-19 death rates in South East Asian countries through time, as well as compare COVID-19 rates among countries and regions in South East Asia. Our raw data are (daily) case and death counts acquired from “Our World in Data”, which, however, for some countries and time periods, suffer from sparsity (zero or small counts), and therefore require a modelling approach where information is adaptively borrowed from the overall dataset where required. Therefore, a sequential cross-sectional design will be utilised, that will involve examining the data week by week, across all countries. Methodologically, this is achieved through a two-stage random effect shrinkage approach, with estimation facilitated by nonparametric maximum likelihood.

Citation

Almohaimeed, A., & Einbeck, J. (2023). A Sequential Cross-Sectional Analysis Producing Robust Weekly COVID-19 Rates for South East Asian Countries. Viruses, 15(7), Article 1572. https://doi.org/10.3390/v15071572

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 16, 2023
Online Publication Date Jul 18, 2023
Publication Date 2023-07
Deposit Date Oct 10, 2023
Publicly Available Date Oct 11, 2023
Journal Viruses
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 7
Article Number 1572
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/v15071572
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1789031

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