Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Expectations and reports of homework for public school students in the first, third and fifth grades

Warkentien, Siri; Fenster, Molly; Hampden-Thompson, Gillian; Walston, Jill


Siri Warkentien

Molly Fenster

Jill Walston


This brief uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) to examine (1) the amount of time that students? public school teachers expected them to spend on reading/language arts and mathematics homework in first, third, and fifth grades; and (2) reports from parents of public school children of how often their children did homework at home in the first, third, and fifth grades. Teachers' expectations are reported by the percentage of minority students in the student's school and parents' reports are reported by the child's race/ethnicity. The findings indicate that the amount of reading and mathematics homework that students' teachers expected them to complete on a typical evening generally increased from first grade to fifth grade. In both subjects and in all grades, differences were found by the minority enrollment of the school. Children in schools with higher percentages of minority students had teachers who expected more homework on a typical evening, whereas generally children in lower minority schools had teachers who expected less homework. In addition, in all three grades, larger percentages of Black, Asian, and Hispanic children than White children had parents who reported that their child did homework five or more times a week.


Warkentien, S., Fenster, M., Hampden-Thompson, G., & Walston, J. (2008). Expectations and reports of homework for public school students in the first, third and fifth grades. US Department of Education

Report Type Technical Report
Publication Date 2008
Deposit Date Nov 3, 2023
Public URL
Publisher URL