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Antibiofouling Slippery Liquid Impregnated Pulsed Plasma Poly(styrene) Surfaces

Rawlinson, Joe M.; Cox, Harrison J.; Hopkins, Grant; Cahill, Patrick; Badyal, Jas Pal S.

Antibiofouling Slippery Liquid Impregnated Pulsed Plasma Poly(styrene) Surfaces Thumbnail


Joe Rawlinson
Post Doctoral Research Associate

Harrison J. Cox

Grant Hopkins

Patrick Cahill


Biofouling is a major global environmental and economic challenge wherein organisms settle on solid surfaces submerged in natural waters. This leads to the spread of invasive marine species around the globe, accelerates surface deterioration through microbially-induced corrosion, and inflates maritime vessel fuel consumption which leads to greater greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, pulsed plasma poly(styrene) nanocoatings impregnated with eco-friendly liquids are produced that yield slippery surfaces through aromatic–aliphatic intermolecular interactions (water droplet contact angle hysteresis and sliding angle values ≈1–2°). The antibiofouling performance of these slippery surfaces is demonstrated using laboratory-based marine bioassays and real-world field trials in freshwater (pond water) and seawater (ocean) environments. Low-cost and substrate-independent pulsed plasmachemical deposition combined with eco-friendly liquid impregnation provides a sustainable approach to tackling environmental biofouling.


Rawlinson, J. M., Cox, H. J., Hopkins, G., Cahill, P., & Badyal, J. P. S. (2023). Antibiofouling Slippery Liquid Impregnated Pulsed Plasma Poly(styrene) Surfaces. Advanced Materials Interfaces,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 20, 2023
Online Publication Date Aug 22, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Aug 30, 2023
Publicly Available Date Aug 30, 2023
Journal Advanced Materials Interfaces
Electronic ISSN 2196-7350
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Mechanical Engineering; Mechanics of Materials
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Published Journal Article (Advanced Online Version) (2.7 Mb)


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Copyright Statement
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Materials Interfaces published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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