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(Cross-)Gendering the German Voice

Hambridge, Katherine

(Cross-)Gendering the German Voice Thumbnail



Keith Chapin

David Wyn Jones


Pauline Anna Milder (1785–1838) undertook the cross-dressing role of Leonore in all three version of Beethoven’s Fidelio. In this detailed study of Milder’s career, the author examines the nature of Milder’s voice (as reported extensively by commentators), the expressive and dramatic consequence of cross-dressing and, more broadly, the development of a recognizably ‘German’ soprano voice, one that was promoted by the most canonical German opera of the time, Beethoven’s Fidelio.


Hambridge, K. (2020). (Cross-)Gendering the German Voice. In K. Chapin, & D. W. Jones (Eds.), Beethoven Studies 4 (121-143). Cambridge University Press.

Acceptance Date Mar 21, 2019
Online Publication Date Sep 26, 2020
Publication Date 2020-09
Deposit Date Mar 26, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 18, 2021
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Pages 121-143
Series Title Cambridge Composer Studies
Book Title Beethoven Studies 4
Chapter Number 6
ISBN 9781108428521


Accepted Book Chapter (1.2 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This material has been published in Beethoven Studies 4 edited by Keith Chapin and David Wyn Jones. This version is free to view and download for personal use only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © Cambridge University Press.

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