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Inclusion and Migration

Welply, Oakleigh

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George Noblit


In a context of globalization and increased mobility, migration has brought new societal challenges to nation-states, raising questions about how countries can promote inclusion within contexts of increased diversity. Education occupies a central yet paradoxical place in this process. On the one hand, schools’ failure to be fully inclusive of new forms of diversity is decried as a cause of violence and fragmentation in society. On the other hand, schools are invested with the role of including and socializing individuals from diverse backgrounds for future participation in society. There is little agreement on how this can best be achieved. Central to these questions are the ways in which educational systems can engage with increasing diversity, be it new movements of people, new forms of communication, and networks, or more complex forms of identity. These present new challenges in terms of educational policy and practice, locally, nationally, and globally. Young migrants face multiple barriers to inclusion, such as underachievement, discrimination, and segregation. In order to fully engage with these challenges, global and national policies need to be considered alongside institutional structures, the role of key stakeholders (teachers, support staff, parents, local community members), and the experience of young immigrants.


Welply, O. (2019). Inclusion and Migration. In G. Noblit (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of education. Oxford University Press.

Acceptance Date Sep 9, 2020
Online Publication Date Dec 17, 2020
Publication Date 2019
Deposit Date Nov 19, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 18, 2019
Publisher Oxford University Press
Book Title Oxford research encyclopedia of education.


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