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Membership Categorization Analysis: Studying Identities in Talk and Text ‘In Situ, In Vivo’

Whittle, A.; Mueller, F.

Membership Categorization Analysis: Studying Identities in Talk and Text ‘In Situ, In Vivo’ Thumbnail


Authors

A. Whittle



Contributors

A.D. Brown
Editor

Abstract

This chapter’s analysis of a New York Times op-ed article reveals how moral reasoning was undertaken in relation to three identities: the identity of Trump as an incumbent of the role of President, the identity of the writer, and, third, the identity of the collective group of Senior Officials. The moral accountability of Trump was articulated through a set of category predicates normatively associated with Presidents and category predicates normatively associated with Republicans. To have an identity is to be cast into a ‘typification’ or social type with an associated set of expectations about one’s role, relationships, and responsibilities within a culture or social structure. The chapter argues that the ethnomethodological approach underpinning membership categorization analysis (MCA) asks ‘How is identity done, managed, achieved and negotiated in situ?’ Indeed, MCA asks how people draw on and use social identities, in talk or text, in getting their everyday business done. This way of approaching the study of identity is different to other approaches that start with theories of self, or discourse, or power. To conclude, MCA enables us to analyse how, when a social category is used, the person being described is also being judged according to the set of normative expectations associated with that category.

Citation

Whittle, A., & Mueller, F. (2020). Membership Categorization Analysis: Studying Identities in Talk and Text ‘In Situ, In Vivo’. In A. Brown (Ed.), The Oxford handbook on identities in organizations (326-339). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198827115.013.5

Online Publication Date Jan 16, 2020
Publication Date 2020-01
Deposit Date Jun 22, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 1, 2022
Publisher Oxford University Press
Pages 326-339
Series Title Oxford handbooks
Book Title The Oxford handbook on identities in organizations.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198827115.013.5
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1628385

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Copyright Statement
Whittle, A. & Mueller, F. (2020). Membership Categorization Analysis: Studying Identities in Talk and Text ‘In Situ, In Vivo’. In The Oxford Handbook on Identities in Organizations. Brown, A.D. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 326-339 reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198827115.013.5




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