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Photoluminescence studies of CdS/CdTe solar cells treated with oxygen

Hernandez-Fenollosa, M.A.; Halliday, D.P.; Durose, K.; Campo, M.D.; Beier, J.


M.A. Hernandez-Fenollosa

K. Durose

M.D. Campo

J. Beier


In this work we have used low temperature photoluminescence (PL) to study a set of CdS/CdTe solar cells grown by close space sublimation. The samples were given a post-growth treatment at 390 °C with HCl in a varying partial pressure of oxygen of up to 500 mbar. By using a focussed optical probe beam, spots on the cells 300 μm in width were identified, that had brighter PL than ‘normal’ regions. Since PL bands from such regions were shifted to lower energy, they were identified as having enhanced diffusion between CdS and CdTe. Using PL assignments from the literature, the evolution of CdTe and CdS PL bands with increasing oxygenation was interpreted in terms of the active centres present. It was postulated that oxygenation: (i) enhances concentrations of ClTe and VCd in CdTe, (ii) enhances diffusion of Te into CdS, with highly oxidising conditions yielding Te–O complexes, and (iii) can act to fill VS with OS. These observations provide a starting point for understanding the role of oxygen in oxygen/chloride co-processing.


Hernandez-Fenollosa, M., Halliday, D., Durose, K., Campo, M., & Beier, J. (2003). Photoluminescence studies of CdS/CdTe solar cells treated with oxygen. Thin Solid Films, 431, 176-180.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2003-05
Deposit Date Jan 9, 2009
Journal Thin Solid Films
Print ISSN 0040-6090
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 431
Pages 176-180
Keywords Photovoltaic, CdTe, CdS, Solar cell, Luminescence, Spectroscopy.