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CyberWalk : a web-based distributed virtual walkthrough environment

Chim, Jimmy; Lau, Rynson W.H; Leong, H.V.; Si, Antonio

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Authors

Jimmy Chim

Rynson W.H Lau

H.V. Leong

Antonio Si



Abstract

A distributed virtual walkthrough environment allows users connected to the geometry server to walk through a specific place of interest, without having to travel physically. This place of interest may be a virtual museum, virtual library or virtual university. There are two basic approaches to distribute the virtual environment from the geometry server to the clients, complete replication and on-demand transmission. Although the on-demand transmission approach saves waiting time and optimizes network usage, many technical issues need to be addressed in order for the system to be interactive. CyberWalk is a web-based distributed virtual walkthrough system developed based on the on-demand transmission approach. It achieves the necessary performance with a multiresolution caching mechanism. First, it reduces the model transmission and rendering times by employing a progressive multiresolution modeling technique. Second, it reduces the Internet response time by providing a caching and prefetching mechanism. Third, it allows a client to continue to operate, at least partially, when the Internet is disconnected. The caching mechanism of CyberWalk tries to maintain at least a minimum resolution of the object models in order to provide at least a coarse view of the objects to the viewer. All these features allow CyberWalk to provide sufficient interactivity to the user for virtual walkthrough over the Internet environment. In this paper, we demonstrate the design and implementation of CyberWalk. We investigate the effectiveness of the multiresolution caching mechanism of CyberWalk in supporting virtual walkthrough applications in the Internet environment through numerous experiments, both on the simulation system and on the prototype system.

Citation

Chim, J., Lau, R. W., Leong, H., & Si, A. (2003). CyberWalk : a web-based distributed virtual walkthrough environment. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 5(4), 503-515. https://doi.org/10.1109/tmm.2003.819094

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2003-12
Deposit Date Jul 4, 2008
Publicly Available Date Jul 4, 2008
Journal IEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Print ISSN 1520-9210
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 4
Pages 503-515
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/tmm.2003.819094
Keywords Distributed virtual environments, Model prefetching, Multiresolution caching, Multiresolution modeling, Virtual walkthrough.
Publisher URL http://www.dur.ac.uk/rynson.lau/papers/tmm03a.pdf

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Copyright Statement
(c) 2003 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.





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