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Task appraisals, emotions, and performance goal orientation

Fisher, C.D.; Minbashian, A.; Beckmann, N.; Wood, R.E.

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C.D. Fisher

A. Minbashian

R.E. Wood


We predict real-time fluctuations in employees' positive and negative emotions from concurrent appraisals of the immediate task situation and individual differences in performance goal orientation. Task confidence, task importance, positive emotions, and negative emotions were assessed 5 times per day for 3 weeks in an experience sampling study of 135 managers. At the within-person level, appraisals of task confidence, task importance, and their interaction predicted momentary positive and negative emotions as hypothesized. Dispositional performance goal orientation was expected to moderate emotional reactivity to appraisals of task confidence and task importance. The hypothesized relationships were significant in the case of appraisals of task importance. Those high on performance goal orientation reacted to appraisals of task importance with stronger negative and weaker positive emotions than those low on performance goal orientation.


Fisher, C., Minbashian, A., Beckmann, N., & Wood, R. (2013). Task appraisals, emotions, and performance goal orientation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(2), 364-373.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2013
Deposit Date Nov 2, 2012
Publicly Available Date Mar 11, 2015
Journal Journal of Applied Psychology
Print ISSN 0021-9010
Electronic ISSN 1939-1854
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 98
Issue 2
Pages 364-373
Keywords Affective events theory, Appraisal theory, Control value theory, Emotions at work, Goal orientation.


Accepted Journal Article (414 Kb)

Copyright Statement
© 2013 APA, all rights reserved. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.

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