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Measurement of the extragalactic background light imprint on the spectra of the brightest blazars observed with H.E.S.S

Abramowski, A.; Acero, F.; Aharonian, F.; Akhperjanian, A.G.; Anton, G.; Balenderan, S.; Balzer, A.; Barnacka, A.; Becherini, Y.; Becker Tjus, J.; Bernlöhr, K.; Birsin, E.; Biteau, J.; Bochow, A.; Boisson, C.; Bolmont, J.; Bordas, P.; Brucker, J.; Brun, F.; Brun, P.; Bulik, T.; Carrigan, S.; Casanova, S.; Cerruti, M.; Chadwick, P.M.; Charbonnier, A.; Chaves, R.C.G.; Cheesebrough, A.; Cologna, G.; Conrad, J.; Couturier, C.; Dalton, M.; Daniel, M.K.; Davids, I.D.; Degrange, B.; Deil, C.; deWilt, P.; Dickinson, H.J.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; Domainko, W.; Drury, L.O'C.; Dubus, G.; Dutson, K.; Dyks, J.; Dyrda, M.; Egberts, K.; Eger, P.; Espigat, P.; Fallon, L.; Farnier, C.; Fegan, S.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandes, M.V.; Fernandez, D.; Fiasson, A.; Fontaine, G.; Förster, A.; Füßling, M.; Gajdus, M.; Gallant, Y.A.; Garrigoux, T.; Gast, H.; Giebels, B.; Glicenstein, J.F.; Glück, B.; Göring, D.; Grondin, M.-H.; Häffner, S.; Hague, J.D.; Hahn, J.; Hampf, D.; Harris, J.; Heinz, S.; Heinzelmann, G.; Henri,...

Measurement of the extragalactic background light imprint on the spectra of the brightest blazars observed with H.E.S.S Thumbnail


Authors

A. Abramowski

F. Acero

F. Aharonian

A.G. Akhperjanian

G. Anton

S. Balenderan

A. Balzer

A. Barnacka

Y. Becherini

J. Becker Tjus

K. Bernlöhr

E. Birsin

J. Biteau

A. Bochow

C. Boisson

J. Bolmont

P. Bordas

J. Brucker

F. Brun

P. Brun

T. Bulik

S. Carrigan

S. Casanova

M. Cerruti

A. Charbonnier

R.C.G. Chaves

A. Cheesebrough

G. Cologna

J. Conrad

C. Couturier

M. Dalton

M.K. Daniel

I.D. Davids

B. Degrange

C. Deil

P. deWilt

H.J. Dickinson

A. Djannati-Ataï

W. Domainko

L.O'C. Drury

G. Dubus

K. Dutson

J. Dyks

M. Dyrda

K. Egberts

P. Eger

P. Espigat

L. Fallon

C. Farnier

S. Fegan

F. Feinstein

M.V. Fernandes

D. Fernandez

A. Fiasson

G. Fontaine

A. Förster

M. Füßling

M. Gajdus

Y.A. Gallant

T. Garrigoux

H. Gast

B. Giebels

J.F. Glicenstein

B. Glück

D. Göring

M.-H. Grondin

S. Häffner

J.D. Hague

J. Hahn

D. Hampf

J. Harris

S. Heinz

G. Heinzelmann

G. Henri

G. Hermann

A. Hillert

J.A. Hinton

W. Hofmann

P. Hofverberg

M. Holler

D. Horns

A. Jacholkowska

C. Jahn

M. Jamrozy

I. Jung

M.A. Kastendieck

K. Katarzyński

U. Katz

S. Kaufmann

B. Khélifi

D. Klochkov

W. Kluźniak

T. Kneiske

Nu Komin

K. Kosack

R. Kossakowski

F. Krayzel

H. Laffon

G. Lamanna

J.-P. Lenain

D. Lennarz

T. Lohse

A. Lopatin

C.-C. Lu

V. Marandon

A. Marcowith

J. Masbou

G. Maurin

N. Maxted

M. Mayer

T.J.L. McComb

M.C. Medina

J. Méhault

U. Menzler

R. Moderski

M. Mohamed

E. Moulin

C.L. Naumann

M. Naumann-Godo

M. de Naurois

D. Nedbal

N. Nguyen

J. Niemiec

S. Ohm

E. de Oña Wilhelmi

B. Opitz

M. Ostrowski

I. Oya

M. Panter

D. Parsons

M. Paz Arribas

N.W. Pekeur

G. Pelletier

J. Perez

P.-O. Petrucci

B. Peyaud

S. Pita

G. Pühlhofer

M. Punch

A. Quirrenbach

M. Raue

A. Reimer

O. Reimer

M. Renaud

R. de los Reyes

F. Rieger

J. Ripken

L. Rob

S. Rosier-Lees

G. Rowell

B. Rudak

C.B. Rulten

V. Sahakian

D.A. Sanchez

A. Santangelo

R. Schlickeiser

A. Schulz

U. Schwanke

S. Schwarzburg

S. Schwemmer

F. Sheidaei

J.L. Skilton

H. Sol

G. Spengler

Ł Stawarz

R. Steenkamp

C. Stegmann

F. Stinzing

K. Stycz

I. Sushch

A. Szostek

J.-P. Tavernet

R. Terrier

M. Tluczykont

K. Valerius

C. van Eldik

G. Vasileiadis

C. Venter

A. Viana

P. Vincent

H.J. Völk

F. Volpe

S. Vorobiov

M. Vorster

S.J. Wagner

R. White

A. Wierzcholska

D. Wouters

M. Zacharias

A. Zajczyk

A.A. Zdziarski

A. Zech

H.-S. Zechlin



Abstract

The extragalactic background light (EBL) is the diffuse radiation with the second highest energy density in the Universe after the cosmic microwave background. The aim of this study is the measurement of the imprint of the EBL opacity to γ-rays on the spectra of the brightest extragalactic sources detected with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.). The originality of the method lies in the joint fit of the EBL optical depth and of the intrinsic spectra of the sources, assuming intrinsic smoothness. Analysis of a total of ~105γ-ray events enables the detection of an EBL signature at the 8.8σ level and constitutes the first measurement of the EBL optical depth using very-high energy (E > 100 GeV) γ-rays. The EBL flux density is constrained over almost two decades of wavelengths [0.30 μm, 17 μm] and the peak value at 1.4 μm is derived as λFλ = 15 ± 2stat ± 3sys nW m-2 sr-1.

Citation

Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., …Zechlin, H. (2013). Measurement of the extragalactic background light imprint on the spectra of the brightest blazars observed with H.E.S.S. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 550, Article A4. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220355

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 1, 2013
Deposit Date Mar 25, 2013
Publicly Available Date Jul 15, 2014
Journal Astronomy and astrophysics.
Print ISSN 0004-6361
Electronic ISSN 1432-0746
Publisher EDP Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 550
Article Number A4
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220355
Keywords Gamma rays: galaxies, Cosmic background radiation, BL Lacertae objects: general.

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Copyright Statement
Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO






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