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Diffuse radio emission in MACS J1752.0+4440

van Weeren, R.J.; Bonafede, A.; Ebeling, H.; Edge, A.C.; Brüggen, M.; Giovannini, G.; Hoeft, M.; Röttgering, H.J.A.


R.J. van Weeren

A. Bonafede

H. Ebeling

M. Brüggen

G. Giovannini

M. Hoeft

H.J.A. Röttgering


We report the discovery of large-scale diffuse radio emission in the galaxy cluster MACS J1752.0+4440 (z = 0.366). Using Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) observations we find that the cluster hosts a double radio relic system as well as a 1.65 Mpc radio halo covering the region between the two relics. The relics are diametrically located on opposite sides of the cluster centre. The NE and SW relics have sizes of 1.3 and 0.9 Mpc, respectively. In the case of an isolated binary merger event, the relative sizes of the relics suggest a mass ratio about 2:1. We measure integrated spectra of −1.16 ± 0.03 for the NE relic and −1.10 ± 0.05 for the SW relic. We conclude that this cluster has undergone a violent binary merger event and the relics are best explained by particles (re)accelerated in outwards travelling shock waves. The spectral indices suggest that the relics trace shock waves with Mach numbers (M) of around 3.5–4.5. These relatively high Mach numbers derived from the radio spectral index are comparable to those derived for a few other recently discovered relics. This implies that merger shocks with M > 3 are relatively common in cluster outskirts if our understanding of diffusive shock acceleration is correct.


van Weeren, R., Bonafede, A., Ebeling, H., Edge, A., Brüggen, M., Giovannini, G., …Röttgering, H. (2012). Diffuse radio emission in MACS J1752.0+4440. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 425(1), L36-L40.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2012
Deposit Date Apr 8, 2013
Publicly Available Date Aug 21, 2013
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Electronic ISSN 1745-3933
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 425
Issue 1
Pages L36-L40
Keywords Galaxies, Clusters, MACS J1752.0+4440, Large-scale structure of Universe, Radio continuum.


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