The powerful jet of an off-nuclear intermediate-mass black hole in the spiral galaxy NGC 2276
Mezcua, M.; Roberts, T.P.; Lobanov, A.P.; Sutton, A.D.
Professor Tim Roberts firstname.lastname@example.org
Jet ejection by accreting black holes is a mass invariant mechanism unifying stellar and supermassive black holes (SMBHs) that should also apply for intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs), which are thought to be the seeds from which SMBHs form. We present the detection of an off-nuclear IMBH of ∼5 × 104 M⊙ located in an unusual spiral arm of the galaxy NGC 2276 based on quasi-simultaneous Chandra X-ray observations and European VLBI Network (EVN) radio observations. The IMBH, NGC2276-3c, possesses a 1.8 pc radio jet that is oriented in the same direction as large-scale (∼650 pc) radio lobes and whose emission is consistent with flat to optically thin synchrotron emission between 1.6 and 5 GHz. Its jet kinetic power (4 × 1040 erg s−1) is comparable to its radiative output and its jet efficiency (≥46 per cent) is as large as that of SMBHs. A region of ∼300 pc along the jet devoid of young stars could provide observational evidence of jet feedback from an IMBH. The discovery confirms that the accretion physics is mass invariant and that seed IMBHs in the early Universe possibly had powerful jets that were an important source of feedback.
Mezcua, M., Roberts, T., Lobanov, A., & Sutton, A. (2015). The powerful jet of an off-nuclear intermediate-mass black hole in the spiral galaxy NGC 2276. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 448(2), 1893-1899. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv143
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jan 20, 2015|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 22, 2015|
|Publication Date||Apr 1, 2015|
|Deposit Date||Mar 5, 2015|
|Publicly Available Date||Mar 6, 2015|
|Journal||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Publisher||Royal Astronomical Society|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Accretion, accretion discs, Black hole physics, ISM: jets and outflows, X-rays: binaries, Radio continuum: general|
|Related Public URLs||http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.04897|
Published Journal Article
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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