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TeV γ-ray observations of the young synchrotron-dominated SNRs G1.9+0.3 and G330.2+1.0 with H.E.S.S

Abramowski, A.; Aharonian, F.; Ait Benkhali, F.; Akhperjanian, A.G.; Angüner, E.; Anton, G.; Balenderan, S.; Balzer, A.; Barnacka, A.; Becherini, Y.; Becker Tjus, J.; Bernlöhr, K.; Birsin, E.; Bissaldi, E.; Biteau, J.; Böttcher, M.; Boisson, C.; Bolmont, J.; Bordas, P.; Brucker, J.; Brun, F.; Brun, P.; Bulik, T.; Carrigan, S.; Casanova, S.; Cerruti, M.; Chadwick, P.M.; Chalme-Calvet, R.; Chaves, R.C.G.; Cheesebrough, A.; Chrétien, M.; Colafrancesco, S.; Cologna, G.; Conrad, J.; Couturier, C.; Cui, Y.; Dalton, M.; Daniel, M.K.; Davids, I.D.; Degrange, B.; Deil, C.; deWilt, P.; Dickinson, H.J.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; Domainko, W.; Drury, L.O'C.; Dubus, G.; Dutson, K.; Dyks, J.; Dyrda, M.; Edwards, T.; Egberts, K.; Eger, P.; Espigat, P.; Farnier, C.; Fegan, S.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandes, M.V.; Fernandez, D.; Fiasson, A.; Fontaine, G.; Förster, A.; Füßling, M.; Gajdus, M.; Gallant, Y.A.; Garrigoux, T.; Giavitto, G.; Giebels, B.; Glicenstein, J.F.; Grondin, M.-H.; Grudzińska, M.; Häffner, S.; Ha...

TeV γ-ray observations of the young synchrotron-dominated SNRs G1.9+0.3 and G330.2+1.0 with H.E.S.S Thumbnail


Authors

A. Abramowski

F. Aharonian

F. Ait Benkhali

A.G. Akhperjanian

E. Angüner

G. Anton

S. Balenderan

A. Balzer

A. Barnacka

Y. Becherini

J. Becker Tjus

K. Bernlöhr

E. Birsin

E. Bissaldi

J. Biteau

M. Böttcher

C. Boisson

J. Bolmont

P. Bordas

J. Brucker

F. Brun

P. Brun

T. Bulik

S. Carrigan

S. Casanova

M. Cerruti

R. Chalme-Calvet

R.C.G. Chaves

A. Cheesebrough

M. Chrétien

S. Colafrancesco

G. Cologna

J. Conrad

C. Couturier

Y. Cui

M. Dalton

M.K. Daniel

I.D. Davids

B. Degrange

C. Deil

P. deWilt

H.J. Dickinson

A. Djannati-Ataï

W. Domainko

L.O'C. Drury

G. Dubus

K. Dutson

J. Dyks

M. Dyrda

T. Edwards

K. Egberts

P. Eger

P. Espigat

C. Farnier

S. Fegan

F. Feinstein

M.V. Fernandes

D. Fernandez

A. Fiasson

G. Fontaine

A. Förster

M. Füßling

M. Gajdus

Y.A. Gallant

T. Garrigoux

G. Giavitto

B. Giebels

J.F. Glicenstein

M.-H. Grondin

M. Grudzińska

S. Häffner

J. Hahn

J. Harris

G. Heinzelmann

G. Henri

G. Hermann

O. Hervet

A. Hillert

J.A. Hinton

W. Hofmann

P. Hofverberg

M. Holler

D. Horns

A. Jacholkowska

C. Jahn

M. Jamrozy

M. Janiak

F. Jankowsky

I. Jung

M.A. Kastendieck

K. Katarzyński

U. Katz

S. Kaufmann

B. Khélifi

M. Kieffer

S. Klepser

D. Klochkov

W. Kluźniak

T. Kneiske

D. Kolitzus

Nu Komin

K. Kosack

S. Krakau

F. Krayzel

P.P. Krüger

H. Laffon

G. Lamanna

J. Lefaucheur

A. Lemière

M. Lemoine-Goumard

J.-P. Lenain

D. Lennarz

T. Lohse

A. Lopatin

C.-C. Lu

V. Marandon

A. Marcowith

R. Marx

G. Maurin

N. Maxted

M. Mayer

T.J.L. McComb

J. Méhault

P.J. Meintjes

U. Menzler

M. Meyer

R. Moderski

M. Mohamed

E. Moulin

T. Murach

C.L. Naumann

M. de Naurois

J. Niemiec

S.J. Nolan

L. Oakes

S. Ohm

E. de Oña Wilhelmi

B. Opitz

M. Ostrowski

I. Oya

M. Panter

R.D. Parsons

M. Paz Arribas

N.W. Pekeur

G. Pelletier

J. Perez

P.-O. Petrucci

B. Peyaud

S. Pita

H. Poon

G. Pühlhofer

M. Punch

A. Quirrenbach

S. Raab

M. Raue

A. Reimer

O. Reimer

M. Renaud

R. de los Reyes

F. Rieger

L. Rob

C. Romoli

S. Rosier-Lees

G. Rowell

B. Rudak

C.B. Rulten

V. Sahakian

D.A. Sanchez

A. Santangelo

R. Schlickeiser

F. Schüssler

A. Schulz

U. Schwanke

S. Schwarzburg

S. Schwemmer

H. Sol

G. Spengler

F. Spies

Ł Stawarz

R. Steenkamp

C. Stegmann

F. Stinzing

K. Stycz

I. Sushch

A. Szostek

J.-P. Tavernet

T. Tavernier

A.M. Taylor

R. Terrier

M. Tluczykont

C. Trichard

K. Valerius

C. van Eldik

B. van Soelen

G. Vasileiadis

C. Venter

A. Viana

P. Vincent

H.J. Völk

F. Volpe

M. Vorster

T. Vuillaume

S.J. Wagner

P. Wagner

M. Weidinger

Q. Weitzel

R. White

A. Wierzcholska

P. Willmann

A. Wörnlein

D. Wouters

V. Zabalza

M. Zacharias

A. Zajczyk

A.A. Zdziarski

A. Zech

H.-S. Zechlin



Abstract

The non-thermal nature of the X-ray emission from the shell-type supernova remnants (SNRs) G1.9+0.3 and G330.2+1.0 is an indication of intense particle acceleration in the shock fronts of both objects. This suggests that the SNRs are prime candidates for very-high-energy (VHE; E > 0.1 TeV) γ-ray observations. G1.9+0.3, recently established as the youngest known SNR in the Galaxy, also offers a unique opportunity to study the earliest stages of SNR evolution in the VHE domain. The purpose of this work is to probe the level of VHE γ-ray emission from both SNRs and use this to constrain their physical properties. Observations were conducted with the H.E.S.S. (High Energy Stereoscopic System) Cherenkov Telescope Array over a more than six-year period spanning 2004–2010. The obtained data have effective livetimes of 67 h for G1.9+0.3 and 16 h for G330.2+1.0. The data are analysed in the context of the multiwavelength observations currently available and in the framework of both leptonic and hadronic particle acceleration scenarios. No significant γ-ray signal from G1.9+0.3 or G330.2+1.0 was detected. Upper limits (99 per cent confidence level) to the TeV flux from G1.9+0.3 and G330.2+1.0 for the assumed spectral index Γ = 2.5 were set at 5.6 × 10−13 cm−2 s−1 above 0.26 TeV and 3.2 × 10−12 cm−2 s−1 above 0.38 TeV, respectively. In a one-zone leptonic scenario, these upper limits imply lower limits on the interior magnetic field to BG1.9 ≳ 12 μG for G1.9+0.3 and to BG330 ≳ 8 μG for G330.2+1.0. In a hadronic scenario, the low ambient densities and the large distances to the SNRs result in very low predicted fluxes, for which the H.E.S.S. upper limits are not constraining.

Citation

Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A., Angüner, E., Anton, G., …Zechlin, H. (2014). TeV γ-ray observations of the young synchrotron-dominated SNRs G1.9+0.3 and G330.2+1.0 with H.E.S.S. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 441(1), 790-799. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu459

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 6, 2014
Publication Date Jun 11, 2014
Deposit Date May 29, 2014
Publicly Available Date Jul 3, 2014
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 441
Issue 1
Pages 790-799
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu459
Keywords Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal, ISM: individual objects: SNR G1.9+0.3, ISM: individual objects: SNR G330.2+1.0, ISM: magnetic fields, ISM: supernova remnants, Gamma-rays: ISM.

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Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.






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