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Discovery of very high energy γ-ray emission from the BL Lacertae object PKS 0301−243 with H.E.S.S

Abramowski, A.; Acero, F.; Aharonian, F.; Ait Benkhali, F.; Akhperjanian, A.G.; Angüner, E.; Anton, G.; Balenderan, S.; Balzer, A.; Barnacka, A.; Becherini, Y.; Becker Tjus, J.; Bernlöhr, K.; Birsin, E.; Bissaldi, E.; Biteau, J.; Böttcher, M.; Boisson, C.; Bolmont, J.; Bordas, P.; Brucker, J.; Brun, F.; Brun, P.; Bulik, T.; Carrigan, S.; Casanova, S.; Cerruti, M.; Chadwick, P.M.; Chalme-Calvet, R.; Chaves, R.C.G.; Cheesebrough, A.; Chrétien, M.; Colafrancesco, S.; Cologna, G.; Conrad, J.; Couturier, C.; Dalton, M.; Daniel, M.K.; Davids, I.D.; Degrange, B.; Deil, C.; deWilt, P.; Dickinson, H.J.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; Domainko, W.; Drury, L.O’C.; Dubus, G.; Dutson, K.; Dyks, J.; Dyrda, M.; Edwards, T.; Egberts, K.; Eger, P.; Espigat, P.; Farnier, C.; Fegan, S.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandes, M.V.; Fernandez, D.; Fiasson, A.; Fontaine, G.; Förster, A.; Füßling, M.; Gajdus, M.; Gallant, Y.A.; Garrigoux, T.; Giebels, B.; Glicenstein, J.F.; Grondin, M.-H.; Grudzińska, M.; Häffner, S.; Hague, J.D.; H...

Discovery of very high energy γ-ray emission from the BL Lacertae object PKS 0301−243 with H.E.S.S Thumbnail


Authors

A. Abramowski

F. Acero

F. Aharonian

F. Ait Benkhali

A.G. Akhperjanian

E. Angüner

G. Anton

S. Balenderan

A. Balzer

A. Barnacka

Y. Becherini

J. Becker Tjus

K. Bernlöhr

E. Birsin

E. Bissaldi

J. Biteau

M. Böttcher

C. Boisson

J. Bolmont

P. Bordas

J. Brucker

F. Brun

P. Brun

T. Bulik

S. Carrigan

S. Casanova

M. Cerruti

R. Chalme-Calvet

R.C.G. Chaves

A. Cheesebrough

M. Chrétien

S. Colafrancesco

G. Cologna

J. Conrad

C. Couturier

M. Dalton

M.K. Daniel

I.D. Davids

B. Degrange

C. Deil

P. deWilt

H.J. Dickinson

A. Djannati-Ataï

W. Domainko

L.O’C. Drury

G. Dubus

K. Dutson

J. Dyks

M. Dyrda

T. Edwards

K. Egberts

P. Eger

P. Espigat

C. Farnier

S. Fegan

F. Feinstein

M.V. Fernandes

D. Fernandez

A. Fiasson

G. Fontaine

A. Förster

M. Füßling

M. Gajdus

Y.A. Gallant

T. Garrigoux

B. Giebels

J.F. Glicenstein

M.-H. Grondin

M. Grudzińska

S. Häffner

J.D. Hague

J. Hahn

J. Harris

G. Heinzelmann

G. Henri

G. Hermann

O. Hervet

A. Hillert

J.A. Hinton

W. Hofmann

P. Hofverberg

M. Holler

D. Horns

A. Jacholkowska

C. Jahn

M. Jamrozy

M. Janiak

F. Jankowsky

I. Jung

M.A. Kastendieck

K. Katarzyński

U. Katz

S. Kaufmann

B. Khélifi

M. Kieffer

S. Klepser

D. Klochkov

W. Kluźniak

T. Kneiske

D. Kolitzus

Nu Komin

K. Kosack

S. Krakau

F. Krayzel

P.P. Krüger

H. Laffon

G. Lamanna

J. Lefaucheur

M. Lemoine-Goumard

J.-P. Lenain

D. Lennarz

T. Lohse

A. Lopatin

C.-C. Lu

V. Marandon

A. Marcowith

R. Marx

G. Maurin

N. Maxted

M. Mayer

T.J.L. McComb

M.C. Medina

J. Méhault

U. Menzler

M. Meyer

R. Moderski

M. Mohamed

E. Moulin

T. Murach

C.L. Naumann

M. de Naurois

D. Nedbal

J. Niemiec

S.J. Nolan

L. Oakes

S. Ohm

E. de Oña Wilhelmi

B. Opitz

M. Ostrowski

I. Oya

M. Panter

R.D. Parsons

M. Paz Arribas

N.W. Pekeur

G. Pelletier

J. Perez

P.-O. Petrucci

B. Peyaud

S. Pita

H. Poon

G. Pühlhofer

M. Punch

A. Quirrenbach

S. Raab

M. Raue

A. Reimer

O. Reimer

M. Renaud

R. de los Reyes

F. Rieger

L. Rob

S. Rosier-Lees

G. Rowell

B. Rudak

C.B. Rulten

V. Sahakian

D.A. Sanchez

A. Santangelo

R. Schlickeiser

F. Schüssler

A. Schulz

U. Schwanke

S. Schwarzburg

S. Schwemmer

H. Sol

G. Spengler

F. Spies

Ł Stawarz

R. Steenkamp

C. Stegmann

F. Stinzing

K. Stycz

I. Sushch

A. Szostek

J.-P. Tavernet

R. Terrier

M. Tluczykont

C. Trichard

K. Valerius

C. van Eldik

G. Vasileiadis

C. Venter

A. Viana

P. Vincent

H.J. Völk

F. Volpe

M. Vorster

S.J. Wagner

P. Wagner

M. Weidinger

Q. Weitzel

R. White

A. Wierzcholska

P. Willmann

A. Wörnlein

D. Wouters

M. Zacharias

A. Zajczyk

A.A. Zdziarski

A. Zech

H.-S. Zechlin



Abstract

The active galactic nucleus PKS 0301−243 (z = 0.266) is a high-synchrotron-peaked BL Lac object that is detected at high energies (HE, 100 MeV <E < 100 GeV) by Fermi/LAT. This paper reports on the discovery of PKS 0301−243 at very high energies (E > 100 GeV) by the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) from observations between September 2009 and December 2011 for a total live time of 34.9 h. Gamma rays above 200 GeV are detected at a significance of 9.4σ. A hint of variability at the 2.5σ level is found. An integral flux I(E > 200 GeV) = (3.3 ± 1.1stat ± 0.7syst) × 10-12 ph cm-2 s-1 and a photon index Γ = 4.6 ± 0.7stat ± 0.2syst are measured. Multi-wavelength light curves in HE, X-ray and optical bands show strong variability, and a minimal variability timescale of eight days is estimated from the optical light curve. A single-zone leptonic synchrotron self-Compton scenario satisfactorily reproduces the multi-wavelength data. In this model, the emitting region is out of equipartition and the jet is particle dominated. Because of its high redshift compared to other sources observed at TeV energies, the very high energy emission from PKS 0301−243 is attenuated by the extragalactic background light (EBL) and the measured spectrum is used to derive an upper limit on the opacity of the EBL.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 10, 2013
Publication Date Nov 1, 2013
Deposit Date May 29, 2014
Publicly Available Date Jul 15, 2014
Journal Astronomy and astrophysics.
Print ISSN 0004-6361
Electronic ISSN 1432-0746
Publisher EDP Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 559
Article Number A136
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321639
Keywords Galaxies: active, BL Lacertae objects: general, BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 0301-243, Gamma rays: galaxies, Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal.
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1428659
Related Public URLs http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013A%26A...559A.136H

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Copyright Statement
Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO






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