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Discovery of TeV γ-ray emission from PKS 0447-439 and derivation of an upper limit on its redshift

Collaboration, H.E.S.S.; Abramowski, A.; Acero, F.; Akhperjanian, A.G.; Anton, G.; Balenderan, S.; Balzer, A.; Barnacka, A.; Becherini, Y.; Becker Tjus, J.; Behera, B.; Bernlöhr, K.; Birsin, E.; Biteau, J.; Bochow, A.; Boisson, C.; Bolmont, J.; Bordas, P.; Brucker, J.; Brun, F.; Brun, P.; Bulik, T.; Carrigan, S.; Casanova, S.; Cerruti, M.; Chadwick, P.M; Chaves, R.C.G.; Cheesebrough, A.; Colafrancesco, S.; Cologna, G.; Conrad, J.; Couturier, C.; Dalton, M.; Daniel, M.K.; Davids, I.D.; Degrange, B.; Deil, C.; deWilt, P.; Dickinson, H.J.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; Domainko, W.; Drury, L.O'C.; Dubus, G.; Dutson, K.; Dyks, J.; Dyrda, M.; Egberts, K.; Eger, P.; Espigat, P.; Fallon, L.; Farnier, C.; Fegan, S.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandes, M.V.; Fernandez, D.; Fiasson, A.; Fontaine, G.; Förster, A.; Füßling, M.; Gajdus, M.; Gallant, Y.A.; Garrigoux, T.; Gast, H.; Giebels, B.; Glicenstein, J.F.; Glück, B.; Göring, D.; Grondin, M.-H.; Grudzińska, M.; Häffner, S.; Hague, J.D.; Hahn, J.; Hampf, D.; Harris,...

Discovery of TeV γ-ray emission from PKS 0447-439 and derivation of an upper limit on its redshift Thumbnail


Authors

H.E.S.S. Collaboration

A. Abramowski

F. Acero

A.G. Akhperjanian

G. Anton

S. Balenderan

A. Balzer

A. Barnacka

Y. Becherini

J. Becker Tjus

B. Behera

K. Bernlöhr

E. Birsin

J. Biteau

A. Bochow

C. Boisson

J. Bolmont

P. Bordas

J. Brucker

F. Brun

P. Brun

T. Bulik

S. Carrigan

S. Casanova

M. Cerruti

R.C.G. Chaves

A. Cheesebrough

S. Colafrancesco

G. Cologna

J. Conrad

C. Couturier

M. Dalton

M.K. Daniel

I.D. Davids

B. Degrange

C. Deil

P. deWilt

H.J. Dickinson

A. Djannati-Ataï

W. Domainko

L.O'C. Drury

G. Dubus

K. Dutson

J. Dyks

M. Dyrda

K. Egberts

P. Eger

P. Espigat

L. Fallon

C. Farnier

S. Fegan

F. Feinstein

M.V. Fernandes

D. Fernandez

A. Fiasson

G. Fontaine

A. Förster

M. Füßling

M. Gajdus

Y.A. Gallant

T. Garrigoux

H. Gast

B. Giebels

J.F. Glicenstein

B. Glück

D. Göring

M.-H. Grondin

M. Grudzińska

S. Häffner

J.D. Hague

J. Hahn

D. Hampf

J. Harris

S. Heinz

G. Heinzelmann

G. Henri

G. Hermann

A. Hillert

J.A. Hinton

W. Hofmann

P. Hofverberg

M. Holler

D. Horns

A. Jacholkowska

C. Jahn

M. Jamrozy

I. Jung

M.A. Kastendieck

K. Katarzyński

U. Katz

S. Kaufmann

B. Khélifi

S. Klepser

D. Klochkov

W. Kluźniak

T. Kneiske

D. Kolitzus

N. Komin

K. Kosack

R. Kossakowski

F. Krayzel

P.P. Krüger

H. Laffon

G. Lamanna

J. Lefaucheur

M. Lemoine-Goumard

J.-P. Lenain

D. Lennarz

T. Lohse

A. Lopatin

C.-C. Lu

V. Marandon

A. Marcowith

J. Masbou

G. Maurin

N. Maxted

M. Mayer

T.J.L. McComb

M.C. Medina

J. Méhault

U. Menzler

R. Moderski

M. Mohamed

E. Moulin

C.L. Naumann

M. Naumann-Godo

M. de Naurois

D. Nedbal

N. Nguyen

J. Niemiec

S. Ohm

E. de Oña Wilhelmi

B. Opitz

M. Ostrowski

I. Oya

M. Panter

R.D. Parsons

M. Paz Arribas

N.W. Pekeur

G. Pelletier

J. Perez

P.-O Petrucci

B. Peyaud

S. Pita

G. Pühlhofer

M. Punch

A. Quirrenbach

S. Raab

M. Raue

A. Reimer

O. Reimer

M. Renaud

R. de los Reyes

F. Rieger

J. Ripken

L. Rob

S. Rosier-Lees

G. Rowell

B. Rudak

C.B. Rulten

V. Sahakian

D.A. Sanchez

A. Santangelo

R. Schlickeiser

A. Schulz

U. Schwanke

S. Schwarzburg

S. Schwemmer

F. Sheidaei

J.L. Skilton

H. Sol

G. Spengler

Ł Stawarz

R. Steenkamp

C. Stegmann

F. Stinzing

K. Stycz

I. Sushch

A. Szostek

J.-P. Tavernet

R. Terrier

M. Tluczykont

C. Trichard

K. Valerius

C. van Eldik

G. Vasileiadis

C. Venter

A. Viana

P. Vincent

H.J. Völk

F. Volpe

S. Vorobiov

M. Vorster

S.J. Wagner

R. White

A. Wierzcholska

D. Wouters

M. Zacharias

A. Zajczyk

A.A. Zdziarski

A. Zech

H.-S. Zechlin

D. Pelat



Abstract

Very high-energy γ-ray emission from PKS 0447−439 was detected with the H.E.S.S. Cherenkov telescope array in December 2009. This blazar is one of the brightest extragalactic objects in the Fermi bright source list and has a hard spectrum in the MeV to GeV range. In the TeV range, a photon index of 3.89 ± 0.37 (stat) ±0.22 (sys) and a flux normalisation at 1 TeV, Φ1 TeV = (3.5 ± 1.1(stat) ± 0.9(sys)) × 10-13 cm-2   s-1   TeV-1 were found. The detection with H.E.S.S. triggered observations in the X-ray band with the Swift and RXTE telescopes. Simultaneous UV and optical data from Swift UVOT and data from the optical telescopes ATOM and ROTSE are also available. The spectrum and light curve measured with H.E.S.S. are presented and compared to the multi-wavelength data at lower energies. A rapid flare is seen in the Swift XRT and RXTE data, together with a flux variation in the UV band, at a time scale of the order of one day. A firm upper limit of z < 0.59 on the redshift of PKS 0447−439 is derived from the combined Fermi-LAT and H.E.S.S. data, given the assumptions that there is no upturn in the intrinsic spectrum above the Fermi-LAT energy range and that absorption on the extragalactic background light (EBL) is not weaker than the lower limit provided by current models. The spectral energy distribution is well described by a simple one-zone synchrotron self-Compton scenario, if the redshift of the source is less than z ≲ 0.4.

Citation

Collaboration, H., Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Akhperjanian, A., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., …Pelat, D. (2013). Discovery of TeV γ-ray emission from PKS 0447-439 and derivation of an upper limit on its redshift. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 552, Article A118. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321108

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 5, 2013
Publication Date Apr 11, 2013
Deposit Date May 29, 2014
Publicly Available Date Jul 15, 2014
Journal Astronomy and astrophysics.
Print ISSN 0004-6361
Electronic ISSN 1432-0746
Publisher EDP Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 552
Article Number A118
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321108
Keywords Galaxies: active, BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 0447-439, Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal, Gamma rays: galaxies.
Related Public URLs http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013A%26A...552A.118H

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Copyright Statement
Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO






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