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Skyrmions and monopoles — isolated and arrayed

Ward, R.S.

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R.S. Ward


There are two basic types of three-dimensional topological soliton, namely skyrmions and monopoles. This article reviews some of the features of such solitons, concentrating on static multi-skyrmions and multi-monopoles with structure group SU(2), and focusing in particular on periodic arrays. An isolated multi-skyrmion typically has a regular, for example polyhedral, structure; and there are multi-monopoles which look very similar. However, when it comes to infinite arrays of solitons — chains, walls or crystals — then the skyrmion and monopole systems behave rather differently.


Ward, R. (2011). Skyrmions and monopoles — isolated and arrayed. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 284(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 5, 2011
Deposit Date Oct 29, 2014
Publicly Available Date Nov 28, 2014
Journal Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Print ISSN 1742-6588
Electronic ISSN 1742-6596
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 284
Issue 1


Accepted Journal Article (281 Kb)

Copyright Statement
© 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd. This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Physics: Conference Series. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at

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