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Towards disaster resilience: A scenario-based approach to co-producing and integrating hazard and risk knowledge

Davies, T.R.H.; Beaven, S.; Conradson, D.; Densmore, A.; Gaillard, J.C.; Johnston, D.; Milledge, D.; Oven, K.; Petley, D.; Rigg, J.; Robinson, T.R.; Rosser, N.; Wilson, T.

Authors

T.R.H. Davies

S. Beaven

D. Conradson

J.C. Gaillard

D. Johnston

D. Milledge

K. Oven

D. Petley

J. Rigg

T.R. Robinson

T. Wilson



Abstract

Quantitative risk assessment and risk management processes are critically examined in the context of their applicability to the statistically infrequent and sometimes unforeseen events that trigger major disasters. While of value when applied at regional or larger scales by governments and insurance companies, these processes do not provide a rational basis for reducing the impacts of major disasters at the local (community) level because in any given locality disaster events occur too infrequently for their future occurrence in a realistic timeframe to be accurately predicted by statistics. Given that regional and national strategies for disaster reduction cannot be effective without effective local disaster reduction measures, this is a significant problem. Instead, we suggest that communities, local government officials, civil society organisations and scientists could usefully form teams to co-develop local hazard event and effects scenarios, around which the teams can then develop realistic long-term plans for building local resilience. These plans may also be of value in reducing the impacts of other disasters, and are likely to have the additional benefits of improving science development, relevance and uptake, and of enhancing communication between scientists and the public.

Citation

Davies, T., Beaven, S., Conradson, D., Densmore, A., Gaillard, J., Johnston, D., …Wilson, T. (2015). Towards disaster resilience: A scenario-based approach to co-producing and integrating hazard and risk knowledge. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 13, 242-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.05.009

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 29, 2015
Publication Date 2015-09
Deposit Date Oct 20, 2015
Journal International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Print ISSN 2212-4209
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Pages 242-247
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.05.009
Keywords Disaster risk quantification, Risk management, Community resilience, Event and effects scenarios, Co-production of knowledge.