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The Space Density of Luminous Dusty Star-forming Galaxies at z > 4: SCUBA-2 and LABOCA Imaging of Ultrared Galaxies from Herschel-ATLAS

Ivison, R.J.; Lewis, A.J.R.; Weiss, A.; Arumugam, V.; Simpson, J.M.; Holland, W.S.; Maddox, S.; Dunne, L.; Valiante, E.; van der Werf, P.; Omont, A.; Dannerbauer, H.; Smail, I.; Bertoldi, F.; Bremer, M.; Bussmann, R.S.; Cai, Z.-Y.; Clements, D.L.; Cooray, A.; De Zotti, G.; Eales, S.A.; Fuller, C.; Gonzalez-Nuevo, J.; Ibar, E.; Negrello, M.; Oteo, I.; Pérez-Fournon, I.; Riechers, D.; Stevens, J.A.; Swinbank, A.M.; Wardlow, J.

The Space Density of Luminous Dusty Star-forming Galaxies at z > 4: SCUBA-2 and LABOCA Imaging of Ultrared Galaxies from Herschel-ATLAS Thumbnail


Authors

R.J. Ivison

A.J.R. Lewis

A. Weiss

V. Arumugam

J.M. Simpson

W.S. Holland

S. Maddox

L. Dunne

E. Valiante

P. van der Werf

A. Omont

H. Dannerbauer

F. Bertoldi

M. Bremer

R.S. Bussmann

Z.-Y. Cai

D.L. Clements

A. Cooray

G. De Zotti

S.A. Eales

C. Fuller

J. Gonzalez-Nuevo

E. Ibar

M. Negrello

I. Oteo

I. Pérez-Fournon

D. Riechers

J.A. Stevens

J. Wardlow



Abstract

Until recently, only a handful of dusty, star-forming galaxies (DSFGs) were known at z > 4, most of them significantly amplified by gravitational lensing. Here, we have increased the number of such DSFGs substantially, selecting galaxies from the uniquely wide 250, 350, and 500 μm Herschel-ATLAS imaging survey on the basis of their extremely red far-infrared colors and faint 350 and 500 μm flux densities, based on which, they are expected to be largely unlensed, luminous, rare, and very distant. The addition of ground-based continuum photometry at longer wavelengths from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope and the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment allows us to identify the dust peak in their spectral energy distributions (SEDs), with which we can better constrain their redshifts. We select the SED templates that are best able to determine photometric redshifts using a sample of 69 high-redshift, lensed DSFGs, then perform checks to assess the impact of the CMB on our technique, and to quantify the systematic uncertainty associated with our photometric redshifts, σ = 0.14 (1 + z), using a sample of 25 galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts, each consistent with our color selection. For Herschel-selected ultrared galaxies with typical colors of S 500/S 250 ~ 2.2 and S 500/S 350 ~ 1.3 and flux densities, S 500 ~ 50 mJy, we determine a median redshift, ${\hat{z}}_{\mathrm{phot}}=3.66$, an interquartile redshift range, 3.30–4.27, with a median rest-frame 8–1000 μm luminosity, ${\hat{L}}_{\mathrm{IR}}$, of 1.3 × 1013 L ⊙. A third of the galaxies lie at z > 4, suggesting a space density, ρ z > 4, of ≈6 × 10−7 Mpc−3. Our sample contains the most luminous known star-forming galaxies, and the most overdense cluster of starbursting proto-ellipticals found to date.

Citation

Ivison, R., Lewis, A., Weiss, A., Arumugam, V., Simpson, J., Holland, W., …Wardlow, J. (2016). The Space Density of Luminous Dusty Star-forming Galaxies at z > 4: SCUBA-2 and LABOCA Imaging of Ultrared Galaxies from Herschel-ATLAS. Astrophysical Journal, 832(1), Article 78. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637x/832/1/78

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 16, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 18, 2016
Publication Date Nov 18, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 22, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 9, 2017
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Print ISSN 0004-637X
Electronic ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher American Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 832
Issue 1
Article Number 78
DOI https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637x/832/1/78
Related Public URLs http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016ApJ...832...78I

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Copyright Statement
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.






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