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Testing continuum models of psychosis: No reduction in source monitoring ability in healthy individuals prone to auditory hallucinations

Garrison, J.R.; Moseley, P.; Alderson-Day, B.; Smailes, D.; Fernyhough, C.; Simons, J.S.

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Authors

J.R. Garrison

P. Moseley

D. Smailes

J.S. Simons



Abstract

People with schizophrenia who hallucinate show impairments in reality monitoring (the ability to distinguish internally generated information from information obtained from external sources) compared to non-hallucinating patients and healthy individuals. While this may be explained at least in part by an increased externalizing bias, it remains unclear whether this impairment is specific to reality monitoring, or whether it also reflects a general deficit in the monitoring of self-generated information (internal source monitoring). Much interest has focused recently on continuum models of psychosis which argue that hallucination-proneness is distributed in clinical and non-clinical groups, but few studies have directly investigated reality monitoring and internal source monitoring abilities in healthy individuals with a proneness to hallucinations. Two experiments are presented here: the first (N = 47, with participants selected for hallucination-proneness from a larger sample of 677 adults) found no evidence of an impairment or externalizing bias on a reality monitoring task in hallucination-prone individuals; the second (N = 124) found no evidence of atypical performance on an internal source monitoring task in hallucination-prone individuals. The significance of these findings is reviewed in light of the clinical evidence and the implications for models of hallucination generation discussed.

Citation

Garrison, J., Moseley, P., Alderson-Day, B., Smailes, D., Fernyhough, C., & Simons, J. (2017). Testing continuum models of psychosis: No reduction in source monitoring ability in healthy individuals prone to auditory hallucinations. Cortex, 91, 197-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2016.11.011

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 14, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 22, 2016
Publication Date Jun 1, 2017
Deposit Date Nov 18, 2016
Publicly Available Date Nov 24, 2016
Journal Cortex
Print ISSN 0010-9452
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 91
Pages 197-207
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2016.11.011

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Copyright Statement
© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). You may copy and distribute the article, create extracts, abstracts and new works from the article, alter and revise the article, text or data mine the article and otherwise reuse the article commercially (including reuse and/or resale of the article) without permission from Elsevier. You must give appropriate credit to the original work, together with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI and a link to the Creative Commons user license above. You must indicate if any changes are made but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use of the work.





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