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Shari’ah screening, market risk and contagion: A multi-country analysis

El Alaoui, A.O.; Bacha, O.I.; Masih, M.; Asutay, M.

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A.O. El Alaoui

O.I. Bacha

M. Masih


This study investigates the relationship and shock transmission between firm leverage and systematic risk within the Shari’ah stock screening rules among seven European countries with a sample of 689 firms for the period from 2008 Q2 to 2013 Q1. Due to the fact that high leverage augments systematic risk and accentuates the firm’s vulnerability to shocks, debt screening is used to examine the sampled portfolios. As it imposes limits on debt, we examined the impact of such an ethical screening and a risk moderating principle on stock volatility, susceptibility to contagion and the implications for portfolio diversification. Using a vector autoregressive dynamic panel of multi-country framework, systematic risk is analysed by taking into account firm characteristics, country effects, and the heterogeneity across firms, thereby ensuring the robustness of results. Our findings suggest that the systematic risk changes with changes in the capital structure; the Shari’ah-compliant stocks are shown in most cases to carry less risk than conventional stock, while they do not necessarily out-perform in terms of return; during the global financial crisis. We conclude that during the global financial crisis, Islamic compliant stocks demonstrated lower values of systematic risk in the case of ‘Low Debt’ portfolios when comparison to ‘High Debt’ portfolios.


El Alaoui, A., Bacha, O., Masih, M., & Asutay, M. (2016). Shari’ah screening, market risk and contagion: A multi-country analysis. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 132(Supplement), 93-112.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 23, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 5, 2016
Publication Date Dec 1, 2016
Deposit Date Dec 9, 2016
Publicly Available Date May 5, 2018
Journal Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Print ISSN 0167-2681
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 132
Issue Supplement
Pages 93-112
Public URL


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