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The relativistic jet of the γ-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0323+342

Kynoch, Daniel; Landt, Hermine; Ward, Martin J; Done, Chris; Gardner, Emma; Boisson, Catherine; Arrieta-Lobo, Maialen; Zech, Andreas; Steenbrugge, Katrien; Pereira Santaella, Miguel

The relativistic jet of the γ-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0323+342 Thumbnail


Daniel Kynoch

Hermine Landt

Emma Gardner

Catherine Boisson

Maialen Arrieta-Lobo

Andreas Zech

Katrien Steenbrugge

Miguel Pereira Santaella



The detection of several radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies by the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope hints at the existence of a rare, new class of γ-ray emitting active galactic nuclei with low black hole masses. Like flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs), their γ-ray emission is thought to be produced via the external Compton mechanism whereby relativistic jet electrons upscatter a photon field external to the jet, e.g. from the accretion disc, broad line region (BLR), and dusty torus, to higher energies. Here we study the origin of the γ-ray emission in the lowest-redshift candidate among the currently known γ-ray emitting NLS1s, 1H 0323+342, and take a new approach. We observationally constrain the external photon field using quasi-simultaneous near-infrared, optical, and X-ray spectroscopy. Applying a one-zone leptonic jet model, we simulate the range of jet parameters for which this photon field, when Compton scattered to higher energies, can explain the γ-ray emission. We find that the site of the γ-ray emission lies well within the BLR and that the seed photons mainly originate from the accretion disc. The jet power that we determine, 1.0 × 1045 erg s−1, is approximately half the accretion disc luminosity. We show that this object is not simply a low-mass FSRQ, its jet is intrinsically less powerful than predicted by scaling a typical FSRQ jet by black hole mass and accretion rate. That γ-ray-emitting NLS1s appear to host underpowered jets may go some way to explaining why so few have been detected to date.


Kynoch, D., Landt, H., Ward, M. J., Done, C., Gardner, E., Boisson, C., …Pereira Santaella, M. (2018). The relativistic jet of the γ-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0323+342. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 475(1), 404-423.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 4, 2017
Online Publication Date Dec 8, 2017
Publication Date Mar 21, 2018
Deposit Date Feb 2, 2018
Publicly Available Date Feb 2, 2018
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 475
Issue 1
Pages 404-423


Published Journal Article (1.4 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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