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Mystery solved: discovery of extended radio emission in the merging galaxy cluster Abell 2146

Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.; Gendron-Marsolais, M.-L.; Fecteau-Beaucage, D.; van Weeren, R.J.; Russell, H.R.; Edge, A.; Olamaie, M.; Rumsey, C.; King, L.; Fabian, A.C.; McNamara, B.; Hogan, M.; Mezcua, M.; Taylor, G.

Mystery solved: discovery of extended radio emission in the merging galaxy cluster Abell 2146 Thumbnail


J. Hlavacek-Larrondo

M.-L. Gendron-Marsolais

D. Fecteau-Beaucage

R.J. van Weeren

H.R. Russell

M. Olamaie

C. Rumsey

L. King

A.C. Fabian

B. McNamara

M. Hogan

M. Mezcua

G. Taylor


Abell 2146 (z = 0.232) is a massive galaxy cluster currently undergoing a spectacular merger in the plane of the sky with a bullet-like morphology. It was the first system in which both the bow and upstream shock fronts were detected at X-ray wavelengths (Mach ∼2), yet deep Giant MetreWave Telescope 325 MHz observations failed to detect extended radio emission associated with the cluster as is typically seen in such systems. We present new, multiconfiguration 1–2 GHz Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations of Abell 2146 totalling 16 h of observations. These data reveal for the first time the presence of an extended (≈850 kpc), faint radio structure associated with Abell 2146. The structure appears to harbour multiple components, one associated with the upstream shock that we classify as a radio relic and one associated with the subcluster core that is consisted as being a radio halo bounded by the bow shock. The newly detected structures have some of the lowest radio powers detected thus far in any cluster (P1.4 GHz, halo = 2.4 ± 0.2 × 1023 W Hz−1 and P1.4 GHz, relic = 2.2 ± 0.2 × 1023 W Hz−1). The flux measurement of the halo, as well as its morphology, also suggests that the halo was recently created (≈0.3 Gyr after core passage), consistent with the dynamical state of the cluster. These observations demonstrate the capacity of the upgraded VLA to detect extremely faint and extended radio structures. Based on these observations, we predict that many more radio relics and radio haloes in merging clusters should be detected by future radio facilities such as the Square Kilometre Array.


Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Gendron-Marsolais, M., Fecteau-Beaucage, D., van Weeren, R., Russell, H., Edge, A., …Taylor, G. (2018). Mystery solved: discovery of extended radio emission in the merging galaxy cluster Abell 2146. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 475(2), 2743-2753.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 1, 2017
Online Publication Date Dec 8, 2017
Publication Date Apr 1, 2018
Deposit Date Mar 29, 2018
Publicly Available Date Mar 29, 2018
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 475
Issue 2
Pages 2743-2753
Related Public URLs


Published Journal Article (3.8 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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