The performance of the strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) meta-generalised gradient approximation exchange–correlation functional is investigated for the calculation of time-dependent density-functional theory molecular excitation energies of local, charge-transfer and Rydberg character, together with the excited potential energy curve in H2. The SCAN results frequently resemble those obtained using a global hybrid functional, with either a standard or increased fraction of exact orbital exchange. For local excitations, SCAN can exhibit significant triplet instability problems, resulting in imaginary triplet excitation energies for a number of cases. The Tamm–Dancoff approximation offers a simple approach to improve the situation, but the excitation energies are still significantly underestimated. Understanding the origin of these (near)-triplet instabilities may provide useful insight into future functional development.
Tozer, D. J., & Peach, M. J. (2018). Molecular excited states from the SCAN functional. Molecular Physics, 116(11), 1504-1511. https://doi.org/10.1080/00268976.2018.1453094