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A Meeting In The Forest: Hunters And Farmers At The Coneybury ‘Anomaly’, Wiltshire

Gron, Kurt J.; Rowley-Conwy, Peter; Fernandez-Dominguez, Eva; Gröcke, Darren R.; Montgomery, Janet; Nowell, Geoff M.; Patterson, William P.

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Dr Kurt Gron
Research Development Manager

William P. Patterson


The Coneybury ‘Anomaly’ is an Early Neolithic pit located just south-east of Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Excavations recovered a faunal assemblage unique in its composition, consisting of both wild and domestic species, as well as large quantities of ceramics and stone tools, including a substantial proportion of blades/bladelets. We present a suite of new isotope analyses of the faunal material, together with ancient DNA sex determination, and reconsider the published faunal data to ask: What took place at Coneybury, and who was involved? We argue on the basis of multiple lines of evidence that Coneybury represents the material remains of a gathering organised by a regional community, with participants coming from different areas. One group of attendees provided deer instead of, or in addition to, cattle. We conclude that the most likely scenario is that this group comprised local hunter-gatherers who survived alongside local farmers.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 6, 2018
Online Publication Date Nov 5, 2018
Publication Date Dec 1, 2018
Deposit Date Jul 10, 2018
Publicly Available Date Nov 6, 2018
Journal Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society for ...
Print ISSN 0079-497X
Electronic ISSN 2050-2729
Publisher Prehistoric Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 84
Pages 111-144
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Published Journal Article (Advance online version) (5 Mb)

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Copyright Statement
Advance online version © The Prehistoric Society. This is an Open Access article,
distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (
by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original
work is properly cited.

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