Christopher D. Jones
Braiding, branching and chiral amplification of nanofibres in supramolecular gels
Jones, Christopher D.; Simmons, Henry T.D.; Horner, Kate E.; Liu, Kaiqiang; Thompson, Richard L.; Steed, Jonathan W.
Henry T.D. Simmons
Kate E. Horner
Dr Richard Thompson email@example.com
Professor Jonathan Steed firstname.lastname@example.org
Helical nanofibres play key roles in many biological processes. Entanglements between helices can aid gelation by producing thick, interconnected fibres, but the details of this process are poorly understood. Here, we describe the assembly of an achiral oligo(urea) peptidomimetic compound into supramolecular helices. Aggregation of adjacent helices leads to the formation of fibrils, which further intertwine to produce high-fidelity braids with periodic crossing patterns. A braid theory analysis suggests that braiding is governed by rigid topological constraints, and that branching occurs due to crossing defects in the developing braids. Mixed-chirality helices assemble into relatively complex, odd-stranded braids, but can also form helical bundles by undergoing inversions of chirality. The oligo(urea) assemblies are also highly sensitive to chiral amplification, proposed to occur through a majority-rules mechanism, whereby trace chiral materials can promote the formation of gels containing only homochiral helices.
Jones, C. D., Simmons, H. T., Horner, K. E., Liu, K., Thompson, R. L., & Steed, J. W. (2019). Braiding, branching and chiral amplification of nanofibres in supramolecular gels. Nature Chemistry, 11, 375-381. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41557-019-0222-0
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jan 23, 2019|
|Online Publication Date||Mar 4, 2019|
|Publication Date||Mar 4, 2019|
|Deposit Date||Mar 14, 2019|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 4, 2019|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Accepted Journal Article
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