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Homoleptic platinum(ii) complexes with pyridyltriazole ligands: excimer-forming phosphorescent emitters for solution-processed OLEDs

Walden, Melissa T.; Pander, Piotr; Yufit, Dmitry S.; Dias, Fernando B.; Williams, J.A. Gareth

Homoleptic platinum(ii) complexes with pyridyltriazole ligands: excimer-forming phosphorescent emitters for solution-processed OLEDs Thumbnail


Authors

Melissa T. Walden

Piotr Pander

Dmitry S. Yufit



Abstract

Two new homoleptic platinum(II) complexes are reported that feature aryl-appended 5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4- triazole chelates acting as N^N ligating ions, PtL1 2 and PtL2 2. Readily prepared from easily accessible proligands, they offer good solubility in organic solvents, allowing them to be incorporated into OLEDs through solution processing. Crystal structures reveal staggered, face-to-face packing of the p systems in adjacent complexes, but with no close PtPt interactions. The complexes display bright unimolecular phosphorescence: for PtL1 2 and PtL2 2 respectively, lmax = 502 and 514 nm; F = 0.21 and 0.48; t = 5.1 and 4.6 ms in deoxygenated CH2Cl2 at 295 K. Both complexes show a strong propensity to form intensely emissive excimers at higher concentrations: lmax = 585 and 625 nm for PtL1 2 and PtL2 2. The photophysical properties in doped and neat thin films have been investigated using steady-state and time-resolved methods. These studies highlight the presence of different environments of bimolecular excited states with different lifetimes, those emitting at lowest energy apparently having the longest lifetimes, contrary to what is normally found for unimolecular emitters through the effects of vibrational deactivation. The prototype solution-processed OLEDs gave EQEs of 9.6–12.5% for PtL1 2 and 8.8–11.4% for PtL2 2, impressive values for solution-processed devices incorporating such simple complexes and only a little inferior to the EQE of 15% achieved using PtL1 2 in a device prepared by evaporation. Compounds of this type have potential to provide the red and green components for white light OLEDs, due to their tunable, uni- and bimolecular excited state emission.

Citation

Walden, M. T., Pander, P., Yufit, D. S., Dias, F. B., & Williams, J. G. (2019). Homoleptic platinum(ii) complexes with pyridyltriazole ligands: excimer-forming phosphorescent emitters for solution-processed OLEDs. Journal of Materials Chemistry C Materials for optical and electronic devices, 7(22), 6592--6606. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9tc00768g

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 13, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 21, 2019
Publication Date Jun 14, 2019
Deposit Date Mar 21, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 13, 2020
Journal Journal of Materials Chemistry C Materials for optical and electronic devices
Print ISSN 2050-7526
Electronic ISSN 2050-7534
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 22
Pages 6592--6606
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/c9tc00768g