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What was the ecological impact of a Trypillia mega-site occupation? Multi-proxy palaeo-environmental investigations at Nebelivka, Ukraine

Albert, Bruce; Innes, Jim; Krementskiy, Konstantin; Millard, Andrew; Gaydarska, Bisserka; Nebbia, Marco; Chapman, John

What was the ecological impact of a Trypillia mega-site occupation? Multi-proxy palaeo-environmental investigations at Nebelivka, Ukraine Thumbnail


Authors

Bruce Albert

Jim Innes

Konstantin Krementskiy

Bisserka Gaydarska

Marco Nebbia

John Chapman



Abstract

Fine-resolution sampling of pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs and microcharcoal as well as sedimentological data in a 6-m sediment core were used to reconstruct both natural conditions and human impacts in the late fifth and early fourth millennia cal bc in the environs of the Nebelivka megasite in Kirovograd Oblast, Central Ukraine. This 238-ha site, dating to the Middle (or BII) Phase of the Trypillia culture, represents one of the first low-density urban establishments in Europe. Despite what was believed to be a sizable population, local human impacts reconstructed from the multi-proxy palaeo-ecological record were moderate in character. There was no positive evidence to indicate a depositional hiatus in the P1 core and no sign of a major ecological impact at any stage in the high-resolution record. The palaeo-ecological record indicates modest settlement agglomeration with less permanent populations rather than permanent populations of tens of thousands of people.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 1, 2019
Online Publication Date May 7, 2019
Publication Date Jan 31, 2020
Deposit Date Apr 1, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 10, 2019
Journal Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
Print ISSN 0939-6314
Electronic ISSN 1617-6278
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 1
Pages 15-34
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-019-00730-9
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1304984

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Copyright Statement
Advance online version © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.






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