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North and south: A comprehensive analysis of non‐adult growth and health in the industrial revolution (AD 18th–19th C), England

Newman, Sophie L.; Gowland, Rebecca L.; Caffell, Anwen C.

North and south: A comprehensive analysis of non‐adult growth and health in the industrial revolution (AD 18th–19th C), England Thumbnail


Authors

Sophie L. Newman



Abstract

Objective Stark health inequalities exist in the present day between the North and South of England, with people in the South, overall, experiencing better health across a range of parameters (e.g., life expectancy and number of years spent in good health). Bioarchaeological studies of skeletal remains from cemeteries across this geographical divide have the ability to provide a temporal perspective on the etiology, longevity, and nature of this disparity. Methods In total 574 non‐adults (0–17 years) from six urban sites (c. AD 1711–1856) were analyzed from the North and South of England. Measurements of long bone length, cortical thickness, and vertebral dimensions were analyzed alongside both skeletal and dental palaeopathological data to assess patterns of disease and growth disruption between skeletal samples. Results There were few significant differences in growth parameters between the six sites in relation to geographical location. However, the northern‐based sample Coach Lane (North Shields) demonstrated some of the highest rates of pathology, with metabolic disease being particularly prevalent. Discussion Northern and southern populations suffered alike from the detrimental environmental conditions associated with urban centers of the 18th–19th centuries. However, the elevated prevalence of vitamin D deficiency seen within the Coach Lane sample is indicative of a regionally specific risk that may be related to latitude, and/or the influence of particular industries operating in the North‐East.

Citation

Newman, S. L., Gowland, R. L., & Caffell, A. C. (2019). North and south: A comprehensive analysis of non‐adult growth and health in the industrial revolution (AD 18th–19th C), England. American journal of physical anthropology, 169(1), 104-121. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23817

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 21, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 9, 2019
Publication Date Mar 9, 2019
Deposit Date Jun 3, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 9, 2021
Journal American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Print ISSN 0002-9483
Electronic ISSN 1096-8644
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 169
Issue 1
Pages 104-121
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23817

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Copyright Statement
This is the accepted version of the following article: Newman, Sophie L., Gowland, Rebecca L. & Caffell, Anwen C. (2019). North and south: A comprehensive analysis of non‐adult growth and health in the industrial revolution (AD 18th–19th C), England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 169(1): 104-121., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23817. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.





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